Details zur Publikation
|DOI / URL||Link|
|Titel (primär)||Toxic effects of isoproturon on periphyton communities - a microcosm study|
|Autor||Schmitt-Jansen, M.; Altenburger, R.;|
|Journal / Serie||Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science|
|Keywords||microphytobenthos; PICT; pulse-amplitude modulated fluorescence; diatoms; herbicides|
|Abstract||Coastal and estuarine ecosystems are increasingly exposed to
herbicide contamination. To study the potential risks of these
pollutants, the establishment of periphyton communities under exposure
of a concentration series of isoproturon in a range of 0.0024–0.312 mg L−1 was investigated in a microcosm study.
After two weeks of growth, chronic effects on biomass development, measured as Chl a fluorescence, taxonomic composition and photosynthetic capacity of PS II of attached microalgae were analysed using a pulse-amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorescence-based method. Algal classes were differentiated according to their pigment systems using four excitation wavelengths. Biomass remained constant up to pre-exposure concentrations of 0.02 mg L−1 isoproturon but decreased within one order of magnitude at the highest test concentration. Algal classes shifted from diatoms to chlorophytes at pre-exposure concentrations of 0.02–0.39 mg L−1. Community structure of diatoms representing the dominant group of attached algae at lower test concentrations was studied by microscopic analysis revealing that species numbers were highest at lowest test concentrations as compared to controls. At higher test concentrations Navicula halophila dominated with 89% of the diatom biomass but was abnormally shaped. Pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) of periphyton to isoproturon was determined by short-term inhibition tests of photosynthesis. Pre-exposed communities increased their effect concentrations (EC50) up to threefold within the 0.039 mg L−1 pre-treatment.
Our results suggest that attached microalgal communities have a high potential of tolerance development to isoproturon at lower levels of contamination due to the replacement of sensitive species by more tolerant algae, although these species seemed to be affected too. We conclude that herbicide concentrations in river basins, estuaries or coastal zones may change community structure and primary production of microphytobenthos even when the contamination does not exceed levels of acute toxicity.
|Schmitt-Jansen, M., Altenburger, R. (2005):
Toxic effects of isoproturon on periphyton communities - a microcosm study
Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 62 (3), 539 - 545