Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Respiratory health, effects of ambient air pollution and its modification by air humidity in Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania
Autor Leitte, A.M.; Petrescu, C.; Franck, U.; Richter, M.; Suciu, O.; Ionovici, R.; Herbarth, O.; Schlink, U.;
Journal / Serie Science of the Total Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
Department STUDIEN;
Band/Volume 407
Heft 13
Sprache englisch;
Keywords Romania; GAM; Air pollution; TSP; SO2; Effect modifier; Humidity; Chronic bronchitis
Abstract Background: Associations between ambient air pollution and respiratory health have been mainly reported for Western Europe and Northern America. Objectives: Our goal was to investigate such associations among the population of Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania, a city in Central Eastern Europe (CEE), and to quantify their modification by air humidity. The latter is of increased interest for the current discussion about the potential effects of climate change on human health. Methods: We investigated (study period: 23.01.2001-31.08.2002) the associations between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and chronic bronchitis (CB) and total suspended particles (TSP), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Generalized additive models (GAM) controlling for time patterns and weather effects were applied. Delayed effects up to seven days were analysed in single lag and polynomial distributed lag models (PDLMs). Results: An increase of 10 mu g/m(3) TSP was related to a 3.3% (95% CI: 0.3%-6.4%) and a 2.8% (95% CI: 0.1 %-5.7%) increase for hospital admissions for chronic bronchitis with a lag of one and four days, respectively. The adverse effect of TSP on chronic bronchitis was reduced by higher humidity. An increase of 10 mu g/m(3) SO2 was related to a 6% (95% CI: 7%-25%) increase, with a two days lag, for hospital admissions for chronic bronchitis. We have not been able to identify a threshold, below which ambient TSP and SO2 concentrations have no effect on hospital admissions for chronic bronchitis. We found adverse but nonsignificant influences of TSP. SO2 and NO2 on total respiratory hospital admissions, COPD and asthma and NO2 on chronic bronchitis. Conclusions: We conclude that in Drobeta-Turnu Severin CB is associated with TSP and mainly SO2 Dry air aggravates the adverse effect of TSP. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
ID 366
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=366
Leitte, A.M., Petrescu, C., Franck, U., Richter, M., Suciu, O., Ionovici, R., Herbarth, O., Schlink, U. (2009):
Respiratory health, effects of ambient air pollution and its modification by air humidity in Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Romania
Sci. Total Environ. 407 (13), 4004 - 4011