Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Seismic structure and location of a CO2 source in the upper mantle of the western Eger (Ohre) Rift, central Europe
Autor Geißler, W.H.; Kämpf, H.; Kind, R.; Bräuer, K.; Klinge, K.; Plenefisch, T.; Horálek, J.; Zedník, J.; Nehybka, V.;
Journal / Serie Tectonics
Erscheinungsjahr 2005
Department HDG;
Band/Volume 24
Sprache englisch;
Keywords receiver functions; magmatic underplating; Moho structure; CO2; earthquake swarms; Eger (Ohře) Rift
Abstract

P-SV conversions provide new insights into the lithosphere of the western Eger (Ohře) Rift, a presently active CO2 emanation area, Quaternary volcanic field, and earthquake swarm region in central Europe. Gas and isotope (He and C) mapping of free gas phases in mineral springs and mofettes proved the origin of CO2- dominated gases from a subcrustal magmatic fluid reservoir. Analyzing teleseismic data from several seismic networks in the western Bohemian Massif, the source region of these gases was investigated. Moho Ps conversions have 3 to 4.5 s delay. Crustal thicknesses vary between 27 and 38 km; v p /v s ratios vary between 1.63 and 1.81. Beneath the western Eger Rift an approximately 40 km wide Moho updoming up to 27 km exists. Locally observed weak conversions indicate a complex Moho transition zone in this area. A local “6 s phase” possibly originates at a discontinuity in approximately 50 to 60 km depth or may represent multiples from velocity inversions at the base of the upper crust. Moho updoming and the distribution of the “6 s phase” coincide with the CO2 degassing fields and the positions of Quaternary volcanoes at the surface. We hypothesize the release of CO2-dominated fluid/magma from isolated melt reservoirs in the depth range of 60 to 30 km, separation of CO2 from the melt at 29 to 21 km depths, and CO2 transport through the crust. The geophysical indications may point to presently active magmatic underplating beneath the study area, supporting the results of gas geochemical and isotope investigations. This is the first attempt that combines seismic and gas geochemical data for a tectonic model. Our model may be transferable to other continental rift areas worldwide.
ID 3339
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=3339
Geißler, W.H., Kämpf, H., Kind, R., Bräuer, K., Klinge, K., Plenefisch, T., Horálek, J., Zedník, J., Nehybka, V. (2005):
Seismic structure and location of a CO2 source in the upper mantle of the western Eger (Ohre) Rift, central Europe
Tectonics 24 , TC5001