Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1007/s10021-024-00918-9
Volltext Shareable Link
Titel (primär) Spatial distribution of carbon stocks along protected and non-protected coastal wetland ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico
Autor Troche-Souza, C.; Priego-Santander, A.; Equihua, J.; Vázquez-Balderas, B.
Quelle Ecosystems
Erscheinungsjahr 2024
Department CLE
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords coastal wetlands; carbon stocks; spatial distribution; protected areas; Gulf of Mexico
Abstract Coastal wetland ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico provide a variety of services including high rates of carbon sequestration and storage, making their assessment and conservation essential. This study aimed to determine the spatial distribution of carbon stocks in protected and non-protected coastal wetland ecosystems along the Gulf of Mexico in Mexico. Aboveground carbon (AGC) and belowground carbon (BGC) stocks were quantified using predictive random forest models. The study analyzed carbon estimates in AGC and BGC across different coastal wetland ecosystems and assessed the carbon storage of protected areas (PAs) and non-protected areas (non-PAs) for carbon conservation. Field surveys provided biomass and soil carbon data for modeling training, incorporating environmental features such as canopy height, vegetation indices, and soil characteristics. The results reveal differences in carbon stocks quantities among various vegetation types, with mixed mangroves exhibiting the highest AGC stock (93.7 ± 8.4 Mg C ha−1) and herbaceous wetlands displaying the smallest range (3.9 ± 1.3 Mg C ha−1) across sites. Notably, cattail marshes showed the highest average BGC stocks (505.6 ± 86.8 Mg C ha−1), influenced by factors such as soil characteristics and land cover. Spatial distribution maps of AGC and BGC provided insights into areas of high and low carbon storage. Interestingly, non-PAs showed higher carbon stocks than certain PAs, emphasizing the importance of including both protected and non-protected areas in conservation efforts. These findings highlight the significance of carbon storage across coastal wetland ecosystems, and the need for comprehensive conservation strategies to preserve their valuable ecosystem services.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Troche-Souza, C., Priego-Santander, A., Equihua, J., Vázquez-Balderas, B. (2024):
Spatial distribution of carbon stocks along protected and non-protected coastal wetland ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico
Ecosystems 10.1007/s10021-024-00918-9