Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.172858
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Novel extraction methods and compound-specific isotope analysis of methoxychlor in environmental water and aquifer slurry samples
Autor Vinyes-Nadal, M.; Masbou, J.; Kümmel, S.; Gehre, M.; Imfeld, G.; Otero, N.; Torrentó, C.
Quelle Science of the Total Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2024
Department TECH
Band/Volume 931
Seite von art. 172858
Sprache englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Pesticides; Methoxychlor; Isotopes; CSIA; Pesticide extraction; POCIS
Abstract Multi-element compound-specific stable isotope analysis (ME-CSIA) allows monitoring the environmental behavior and transformation of most common and persistent contaminants. Recent advancements in analytical techniques have extended the applicability of ME-CSIA to organic micropollutants, including pesticides. Nevertheless, the application of this methodology remains unexplored concerning harmful insecticides such as methoxychlor, a polar organochlorine pesticide usually detected in soil and groundwater. This study introduces methods for dual carbon and chlorine compound-specific stable isotope analysis (δ13C-CSIA and δ37Cl-CSIA) of both methoxychlor and its metabolite, methoxychlor olefin, with a sensitivity down to 10 and 100 mg/L, and a precision lower than 0.3 and 0.5 ‰ for carbon and chlorine CSIA, respectively. Additionally, three extraction and preconcentration techniques suitable for ME-CSIA of the target pesticides at environmentally relevant concentrations were also developed. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) and liquid-solid extraction (LSE) effectively extracted methoxychlor (107 ± 27 % and 87 ± 13 %, respectively) and its metabolite (91 ± 27 % and 106 ± 14 %, respectively) from water and aquifer slurry samples, respectively, with high accuracy (Δδ13C and Δδ37Cl ≤ ± 1 ‰). Combining CSIA with polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCISs) for the extraction of methoxychlor and methoxychlor olefin from water samples resulted in insignificant fractionation for POCIS-CSIA (Δδ13C ≤ ± 1 ‰). A relevant sorption of methoxychlor was detected within the polyethersulfones membranes of the POCISs resulting in temporary carbon isotope fractionation depending on the sorbed mass fraction during the first deployment days. This highlights the critical role of the interactions of polar analytes with POCIS sorbents and membranes in the performance of this method. Altogether, this study proposes a proof of concept for ME-CSIA of methoxychlor and its metabolites, opening the door for future investigations of their sources and transformation processes in contaminated sites.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Vinyes-Nadal, M., Masbou, J., Kümmel, S., Gehre, M., Imfeld, G., Otero, N., Torrentó, C. (2024):
Novel extraction methods and compound-specific isotope analysis of methoxychlor in environmental water and aquifer slurry samples
Sci. Total Environ. 931 , art. 172858 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.172858