Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1186/s13068-024-02528-y
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Medium-chain carboxylates production from plant waste: kinetic study and effect of an enriched microbiome
Autor Undiandeye, J.; Gallegos, D.; Bonatelli, M.L.; Kleinsteuber, S. ORCID logo ; Bin-Hudari, M.S.; Abdulkadir, N.; Stinner, W.; Sträuber, H.
Quelle Biotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts
Erscheinungsjahr 2024
Department MIBITECH
Band/Volume 17
Seite von art. 79
Sprache englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Anaerobic fermentation; Caproate; Electron donors; Lactate; Microbial chain elongation; Waste biomass
Abstract Background
The need for addition of external electron donors such as ethanol or lactate impairs the economic viability of chain elongation (CE) processes for the production of medium-chain carboxylates (MCC). However, using feedstocks with inherent electron donors such as silages of waste biomass can improve the economics. Moreover, the use of an appropriate inoculum is critical to the overall efficiency of the CE process, as the production of a desired MCC can significantly be influenced by the presence or absence of specific microorganisms and their metabolic interactions. Beyond, it is necessary to generate data that can be used for reactor design, simulation and optimization of a given CE process. Such data can be obtained using appropriate mathematical models to predict the dynamics of the CE process.

In batch experiments using silages of sugar beet leaves, cassava leaves, and Elodea/wheat straw as substrates, caproate was the only MCC produced with maximum yields of 1.97, 3.48, and 0.88 g/kgVS, respectively. The MCC concentrations were accurately predicted with the modified Gompertz model. In a semi-continuous fermentation with ensiled sugar beet leaves as substrate and digestate from a biogas reactor as the sole inoculum, a prolonged lag phase of 7 days was observed for the production of MCC (C6–C8). The lag phase was significantly shortened by at least 4 days when an enriched inoculum was added to the system. With the enriched inoculum, an MCC yield of 93.67 g/kgVS and a productivity of 2.05 gMCC/L/d were achieved. Without the enriched inoculum, MCC yield and productivity were 43.30 g/kgVS and 0.95 gMCC/L/d, respectively. The higher MCC production was accompanied by higher relative abundances of Lachnospiraceae and Eubacteriaceae.

Ensiled waste biomass is a suitable substrate for MCC production using CE. For an enhanced production of MCC from ensiled sugar beet leaves, the use of an enriched inoculum is recommended for a fast process start and high production performance.
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Undiandeye, J., Gallegos, D., Bonatelli, M.L., Kleinsteuber, S., Bin-Hudari, M.S., Abdulkadir, N., Stinner, W., Sträuber, H. (2024):
Medium-chain carboxylates production from plant waste: kinetic study and effect of an enriched microbiome
Biotechnol. Biofuels Bioprod. 17 , art. 79 10.1186/s13068-024-02528-y