Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1128/aem.00453-24
Titel (primär) The genes mgtE and spoVG are involved in zinc tolerance of Staphylococcus aureus
Autor Schürmann, J.; Fischer, M.A.; Herzberg, M. ORCID logo ; Reemtsma, T.; Strommenger, B.; Werner, G.; Schuster, C.F.; Layer-Nicolaou, F.
Quelle Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Erscheinungsjahr 2024
Department EAC
Band/Volume 90
Heft 6
Seite von e00453-24
Sprache englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Keywords Staphylococcus aureus; mgtE; spoVG; zinc; metal tolerance
Abstract Metals are essential for all living organisms, but the type of metal and its concentration determines its action. Even low concentrations of metals may have toxic effects on organisms and therefore exhibit antimicrobial activities. In this study, we investigate the evolutionary adaptation processes of Staphylococcus aureus to metals and common genes for metal tolerance. Laboratory and clinical isolates were treated with manganese, cobalt, zinc, or nickel metal salts to generate growth-adapted mutants. After growth in medium supplemented with zinc, whole-genome sequencing identified, among others, two genes, mgtE (SAUSA300_0910), a putative magnesium transporter and spoVG (SAUSA300_0475), a global transcriptional regulator, as hot spots for stress-induced single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). SNPs in mgtE were also detected in mutants treated with high levels of cobalt or nickel salts. To investigate the effect of these genes on metal tolerance, deletion mutants and complementation strains in an S. aureus USA300 LAC* laboratory strain were generated. Both, the mgtE and spoVG deletion strains were more tolerant to cobalt, manganese, and zinc. The mgtE mutant was also more tolerant to nickel exposure. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis demonstrated that the mgtE deletion mutant accumulated less intracellular zinc than the wild type, explaining increased tolerance. From these results, we conclude that mgtE gene inactivation increases zinc tolerance presumably due to reduced uptake of zinc. For the SpoVG mutant, no direct effect on the intracellular zinc concentration was detected, indicating toward different pathways to increase tolerance. Importantly, inactivation of these genes offers a growth advantage in environments containing certain metals, pointing toward a common tolerance mechanism.
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Schürmann, J., Fischer, M.A., Herzberg, M., Reemtsma, T., Strommenger, B., Werner, G., Schuster, C.F., Layer-Nicolaou, F. (2024):
The genes mgtE and spoVG are involved in zinc tolerance of Staphylococcus aureus
Appl. Environ. Microb. 90 (6), e00453-24 10.1128/aem.00453-24