Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.170800
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Short-lived natural radionuclides as tracers in hydrogeological studies – A review
Autor Schubert, M.; Lin, M.; Clark, J.F.; Kralik, M.; Damatto, S.; Copia, L.; Terzer-Wassmuth, S.; Harjung, A.
Quelle Science of the Total Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2024
Department CATHYD
Band/Volume 920
Seite von art. 170800
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Tracer hydrology; Groundwater dating; Short-lived radiotracers; Multi-tracer approaches
Abstract Fundamental approaches to the study of groundwater rely on investigating the spatial and temporal distribution of stable and radioactive isotopes and other anthropogenic compounds in natural waterbodies. The most often used tracers for estimating groundwater flow paths and residence times, groundwater/surface water interaction as well as tracing chemical (contamination) sources include stable isotopes of water (δ 18O and δ 2H), radiocarbon (14C; t1/2 = 5730 a), tritium (3H; t1/2 = 12.43 a) as well as unreactive fluorine-containing gases (e.g., chlorofluorocarbons CCl3F or CFC-11; CCl2F3 or CFC-12; C2Cl3F3 or CFC-113; and SF6). While gas tracers are usually referred to as transient tracers and are appropriate for investigating modern flow systems, the isotopic tracers are often used to investigated paleo or regional flow systems. Stable isotopes of water can also be used to investigate groundwater/surface water interactions. Another, thus far been less frequently used group of groundwater tracers, are cosmo- and geo- genic short-lived radioisotopes. These isotopes are uniquely suited for studying a wide range of groundwater problems that have short time scales including high aquifer vulnerability to quantitative and qualitative impacts and groundwater discharge to surface waters. Here, we discuss and compare the applications of radio‑sulphur (35S; half-life t1/2 = 87 d), radio‑beryllium (7Be; t1/2 = 53 d), radio‑phosphorus (32/33P; combined t1/2 = 33 d), natural tritium (3H; t1/2 = 12.43 a), radon (222Rn; t1/2 = 3.8 d) and short-lived radium (224/223Ra; combined t1/2 = 5.2 d). The paper discusses the principles of the individual tracer methods, focusing on the isotopes' input functions or values, on sampling techniques, and on methods of analyses. Case studies that applied a combined use of the tracers are referred to for readers who wish to learn more about the application of the so far underused cosmo- and geo- genic radioisotopes as aquatic tracers.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Schubert, M., Lin, M., Clark, J.F., Kralik, M., Damatto, S., Copia, L., Terzer-Wassmuth, S., Harjung, A. (2024):
Short-lived natural radionuclides as tracers in hydrogeological studies – A review
Sci. Total Environ. 920 , art. 170800 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.170800