Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Determination of naturally occurring MTBE biodegradation by analysing metabolites and biodegradation by-products
Autor Martienssen, M.; Fabritius, H.; Kukla, S.; Balcke, G.U.; Hasselwander, E.; Schirmer, M.;
Journal / Serie Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Erscheinungsjahr 2006
Department HDG;
Band/Volume 87
Heft 3-4
Sprache englisch;
Keywords MTBE; Biodegradation; Metabolites; Groundwater; Natural attenuation; Degradation kinetics
Abstract Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is one of the main additives in gasoline. Its degradation is known to be difficult in natural environments. In this study, significant MTBE degradation is demonstrated at a contaminated site in Leuna (eastern Germany). Since the extent of the plume appeared to be constant over the last 5 years, an extended study was performed to elucidate the degradation processes. Special attention was paid to the production, accumulation and degradation of metabolites and by-products. Groundwater samples from 105 monitoring wells were used to measure 20 different substances. During the degradation process, several intermediates such as tert-butyl alcohol (TBA), tert-butyl formate, formate and lactate were produced. However, the potentially carcinogenic by-product methacrylate was not detected in several hundred samples. At the Leuna site, MTBE degradation occurred under microaerobic conditions. In contrast to hydrocarbons and BTEX, there was no evidence for anaerobic MTBE degradation. Among the degradation products, TBA was found to be a useful intermediate to identify MTBE degradation, at least under microaerobic conditions. TBA accumulation was strongly correlated to MTBE degradation according to the kinetic properties of both degradation processes. Since maximum degradation rates (vmax) and km values were higher for MTBE (vmax = 2.3 mg/l/d and km = 3.2 mg/l) than for TBA (vmax = 1.35 mg/l/d and km = 0.05 mg/l), TBA significantly accumulated as an intermediate by-product. The field results were supported by bench scale model aquifer experiments.
ID 2846
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2846
Martienssen, M., Fabritius, H., Kukla, S., Balcke, G.U., Hasselwander, E., Schirmer, M. (2006):
Determination of naturally occurring MTBE biodegradation by analysing metabolites and biodegradation by-products
J. Contam. Hydrol. 87 (3-4), 37 - 53