Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1111/afe.12597
Volltext Shareable Link
Titel (primär) Local and landscape context affects bee communities in mixed fruit orchards in Southern Thailand
Autor Karnchananiyom, S.; Wayo, K.; Sritongchuay, T.; Warrit, N.; Attasopa, K.; Bumrungsri, S.
Quelle Agricultural and Forest Entomology
Erscheinungsjahr 2024
Department CLE
Band/Volume 26
Heft 1
Seite von 70
Seite bis 80
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
  1. Bees play an important role by contributing to the pollination of a diverse range of crops and wild plants. However, bees are threatened by deforestation and habitat degradation caused by urbanization and agricultural intensification, which reduce floral and nesting resources.
  2. In this study, the effects of local (orchard size, flowering plant abundance and richness and floral abundance) and landscape factors (surrounding agricultural, forest and urban cover) on bee richness and abundance in mixed fruit orchards were determined from 28 mature orchards interspersed along a gradient of landscape complexity. Bees were observed for 15 min in 2 × 2 m plots. We categorized all bees into one of the three groups: (a) honey bees, (b) solitary bees and (c) stingless bees. Several local and landscape factors were found to influence bee richness and abundance. Honey bee abundance was positively affected by orchard size, whereas honey bee richness was not. Stingless bee richness and abundance were positively correlated with floral abundance. Forest cover within a 3-km radius positively affected solitary bee richness. Solitary bee abundance was positively affected by forest cover within a 3-km radius and negatively impacted by urban cover within a 1.5-km radius. In our study area, small forest patches are found in abundance; thus, the high proportion of forest edge, relative to the forest interior, greatly supports solitary bee abundance and richness in this landscape. Moreover, most solitary bees are soil-nesting species that may be excluded from environments that are converted from natural to anthropogenically developed areas.
  3. Recommendations to protect pollinators included conserving existing forest patches, especially forest margins; restoring forest patches within farmland landscapes; maintaining a diversity of herbs and grasses within mixed fruit orchards; establishing live fences composed of diverse plant species and retaining dead trees within farmland. For urban areas, augmenting floral resources in green spaces is suggested.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Karnchananiyom, S., Wayo, K., Sritongchuay, T., Warrit, N., Attasopa, K., Bumrungsri, S. (2024):
Local and landscape context affects bee communities in mixed fruit orchards in Southern Thailand
Agric. For. Entomol. 26 (1), 70 - 80 10.1111/afe.12597