Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1002/ece3.10289
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Mason bees and honey bees synergistically enhance fruit set in sweet cherry orchards
Autor Osterman, J.; Benton, F.; Hellström, S.; Luderer-Pflimpf, M.; Pöpel-Eisenbrandt, A.-K.; Stoykova Wild, B.; Theodorou, P.; Ulbricht, C.; Paxton, R.J.
Quelle Ecology and Evolution
Erscheinungsjahr 2023
Department CLE
Band/Volume 13
Heft 7
Seite von e10289
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Apis mellifera; crop pollination; ecological intensification; European orchard bee; Osmia cornuta; pollination management; stocking density
Abstract Mason bees (Osmia spp.) are efficient fruit tree pollinators that can be encouraged to occupy and breed in artificial nesting material. In sweet cherry orchards, they are occasionally used as an alternative managed pollinator as a replacement for or in addition to honey bees (Apis mellifera). Yet, the lack of practical guidelines on management practices, for example optimal stocking rates, for both mason bee nesting material and honey bees might compromise pollination service provision. In this study, we assessed the relationship between stocking rates (honey bee hives and mason bee nesting material) and the abundance of honey bees and mason bees in 17 sweet cherry (Prunus avium) orchards in Central Germany. We furthermore performed a pollination experiment to explore the interactive effect of mason bees and honey bees on sweet cherry fruit set. In the orchards, both honey bee and mason bee abundance increased with increasing stocking rates of hives or nesting material, respectively. Honey bee abundance increased linearly with stocking rates. In contrast, mason bee abundance asymptoted at 2–3 nesting boxes per ha, beyond which more boxes resulted in little increase in visitation rate. Our pollination experiment demonstrated that orchards were pollen limited, with only 28% of insect-pollinated flowers setting fruit versus 39% of optimally hand-pollinated flowers. Honey bees and mason bees enhanced sweet cherry fruit set, but only when both were present and not when either was present alone in an orchard. Our findings demonstrate that offering nesting material for mason bees and employing honey bee hives can enhance bee abundance in sweet cherry orchards. By increasing honey bee abundance in combination with enhanced mason bee abundance, farmers can substantially boost fruit set and potentially sweet cherry yield. To enhance pollination services, farmers should consider the benefits of increasing pollinator biodiversity as an immediate benefit to improve crop yields.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Osterman, J., Benton, F., Hellström, S., Luderer-Pflimpf, M., Pöpel-Eisenbrandt, A.-K., Stoykova Wild, B., Theodorou, P., Ulbricht, C., Paxton, R.J. (2023):
Mason bees and honey bees synergistically enhance fruit set in sweet cherry orchards
Ecol. Evol. 13 (7), e10289 10.1002/ece3.10289