Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1007/s12665-023-10971-7
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Benchmarking a new TH2M implementation in OGS-6 with regard to processes relevant for nuclear waste disposal
Autor Pitz, M.; Grunwald, N.; Graupner, B.; Kurgyis, K.; Radeisen, E.; Maßmann, J.; Ziefle, G.; Thiedau, J.; Nagel, T.
Quelle Environmental Earth Sciences
Erscheinungsjahr 2023
Department ENVINF
Band/Volume 82
Heft 13
Seite von art. 319
Sprache englisch
Topic T8 Georesources
Keywords Code benchmarking; Non-isothermal two-component–two-phase flow in deformable porous media; BenVaSim; THM coupled process; OpenGeoSys; Nuclear waste disposal

In this paper, thermo-hydro-mechanically (THM) coupled processes triggered during the construction, operation and closure of a deep geological repository for heat generating, high level radioactive waste are discussed based on a generic disposal concept. For this purpose, we are using the numerical non-isothermal two-phase-two-component flow in deformable porous media ((THM)-M-2) implementation (Grunwald et al. in Geomech Geophys Geo-energy Geo-resour, 2022) in the open-source software OpenGeoSys (Bilke et al. in Transport Porous Media 130(1):337-361, 2019, ). THM coupled effects covered in this work focus on single and two-phase-flow phenomena, gas and heat generation as well as poro-elastic medium deformation. A suitable set of benchmarks covering aforementioned THM-effects, devised in the scope of the BenVaSim benchmarking project (Lux et al. in Synthesis report. BenVaSim-International Benchmarking for Verification and Validation of TH2M Simulators with Special Consideration of Fluid Dynamical Processes in Radioactive Waste Repository Systems. Tech. rep., 2021, ) is chosen and one additional benchmark is presented, allowing for the demonstration and comparison of the OGS-6 (THM)-M-2 implementation against results obtained by other well-established codes used in the field. Apart from the code comparison, the benchmarks also serve as means to analyze THM coupled processes in a repository based on very simplified geometries. Therefore, they can help to improve the process understanding, but any quantitative results should not be interpreted as predictions of the behaviour of a real repository. The results obtained in this work agree well with the results presented by the project partners in BenVaSim-both in single phasic, fully liquid saturated cases and in partially saturated two phase regions. Hence, the suitability of the OGS-6 (THM)-M-2 implementation for the application in the field of radioactive waste management, supporting the safety case and analyzing the integrity of the geological and geotechnical barrier systems is demonstrated. Finally, a detailed discussion of observed phenomena in the benchmarks increases our understanding and confidence in the prediction of the behaviour of (THM)-M-2 coupled systems in the context of deep geological radioactive waste disposal.

dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Pitz, M., Grunwald, N., Graupner, B., Kurgyis, K., Radeisen, E., Maßmann, J., Ziefle, G., Thiedau, J., Nagel, T. (2023):
Benchmarking a new TH2M implementation in OGS-6 with regard to processes relevant for nuclear waste disposal
Environ. Earth Sci. 82 (13), art. 319 10.1007/s12665-023-10971-7