Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.agsy.2023.103690
Titel (primär) Environmental potential for crop production and tenure regime influence fertilizer application and soil nutrient mining in soybean and maize crops
Autor Leguizamón, Y.; Goldenberg, M.G.; Jobbágy, E.; Seppelt, R.; Garibaldi, L.A.
Quelle Agricultural Systems
Erscheinungsjahr 2023
Department CLE
Band/Volume 210
Seite von art. 103690
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Field crops; Crop nutrition; Decision making; Soil conservation; Nutrient mining; Tenure regime
Abstract CONTEXT Differences in land tenure regimes are one challenge to implementing soil conservation practices in agricultural systems. It is frequently assumed that tenants are less likely to adopt soil conservation strategies than owners, given a shorter-term engagement with the field. Also, the field's environmental potential (i.e., potential for agricultural production) may influence farmers' investment decisions, since high-potential fields increase the chances of achieving a return on the investment. OBJECTIVE Understand the effect of land tenure regimes and environmental potential on fertilization rates and balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur in soybean and maize crops in Argentina. METHODS We applied mixed-effects models on a database of 52,588 fields of soybean and maize farms, covering a total area of 3.8 M ha in Argentina during the period of 2017–2022. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS Overall, the balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur was (mean ± SE) −29.11 ± 0.15, −2.58 ± 0.38, and 8.26 ± 0.044 kg ha−1 yr−1, respectively. Despite 8.04 and 0.63 kg ha−1 yr−1 more nitrogen and phosphorus were applied in high-potential compared to low-potential maize fields, nutrient outputs were still higher. Therefore, net nutrient exports of the most productive fields increased by 9.99 and 2.06 kg ha−1 yr−1 for nitrogen and phosphorus, respectively. In soybean fields, environmental potential had no effect on nutrient application, but the net export of nitrogen and phosphorus was 9.85 and 2.14 kg ha−1 yr−1 higher in high-potential fields compared to low-potential fields. Tenure regime had a weak effect, mainly on phosphorus. On average, owners applied 0.37 kg ha−1 yr−1 more and exported 0.28 kg ha−1 yr−1 less phosphorus than tenants in both crops. Sulfur application and balance were weakly affected by the studied variables, and the positive balance suggests overfertilization under the assumptions of this paper. We conclude that the Argentine farming system depletes some of the main nutrients, regardless of the field's environmental potential or the land tenure system. The effect of the tenure regime is overwhelmed by the impact of environmental potential on farmers' fertilization management, with high-potential fields degrading due to soil mining at a faster pace than low-potential fields, putting future yields at risk. SIGNIFICANCE By exploring a farming system based on nutrient depletion, our results contribute to the general understanding of tenure regime consequences on soil degradation. Argentinean farmers should consider increasing N and P application and contemplate environmental heterogeneity to avoid nutrient mining and degradation of one of the most productive areas of the world.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Leguizamón, Y., Goldenberg, M.G., Jobbágy, E., Seppelt, R., Garibaldi, L.A. (2023):
Environmental potential for crop production and tenure regime influence fertilizer application and soil nutrient mining in soybean and maize crops
Agric. Syst. 210 , art. 103690 10.1016/j.agsy.2023.103690