Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.isci.2022.105744
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Universal drivers of cheese microbiomes
Autor Reuben, R.C.; Langer, D.; Eisenhauer, N.; Jurburg, S.D.
Quelle iScience
Erscheinungsjahr 2023
Department UMB; iDiv
Band/Volume 26
Heft 1
Seite von art. 105744
Sprache englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Microbiology; microbiome; food microbiology
Abstract The culinary value, quality, and safety of cheese are largely driven by the resident bacteria, but comparative analyses of the cheese microbiota across cheese types are scarce. We present the first global synthesis of cheese microbiomes. Following a systematic literature review of cheese microbiology research, we collected 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequence data from 824 cheese samples spanning 58 cheese types and 16 countries. We found a consistent, positive relationship between microbiome richness and pH, and a higher microbial richness in cheeses derived from goat milk. In contrast, we found no relationship between pasteurization, geographic location, or salinity and richness. Milk and cheese type, geographic location, and pasteurization collectively explained 65% of the variation in microbial community composition. Importantly, we identified four universal cheese microbiome types, driven by distinct dominant taxa. Our study reveals notable diversity patterns among the cheese microbiota, which are driven by geography and local environmental variables.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Reuben, R.C., Langer, D., Eisenhauer, N., Jurburg, S.D. (2023):
Universal drivers of cheese microbiomes
iScience 26 (1), art. 105744 10.1016/j.isci.2022.105744