Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1126/sciadv.abm9982
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) The direct drivers of recent global anthropogenic biodiversity loss
Autor Jaureguiberry, P.; Titeux, N.; Wiemers, M. ORCID logo ; Bowler, D.E.; Coscieme, L.; Golden, A.S.; Guerra, C.A.; Jacob, U.; Takahashi, Y.; Settele, J.; Díaz, S.; Molnár, Z.; Purvis, A.
Quelle Science Advances
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Department BZF; NSF; iDiv; ESS
Band/Volume 8
Heft 45
Seite von eabm9982
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Abstract Effective policies to halt biodiversity loss require knowing which anthropogenic drivers are the most important direct causes. Whereas previous knowledge has been limited in scope and rigor, here we statistically synthesize empirical comparisons of recent driver impacts found through a wide-ranging review. We show that land/sea use change has been the dominant direct driver of recent biodiversity loss worldwide. Direct exploitation of natural resources ranks second and pollution third; climate change and invasive alien species have been significantly less important than the top two drivers. The oceans, where direct exploitation and climate change dominate, have a different driver hierarchy from land and fresh water. It also varies among types of biodiversity indicators. For example, climate change is a more important driver of community composition change than of changes in species populations. Stopping global biodiversity loss requires policies and actions to tackle all the major drivers and their interactions, not some of them in isolation.
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Jaureguiberry, P., Titeux, N., Wiemers, M., Bowler, D.E., Coscieme, L., Golden, A.S., Guerra, C.A., Jacob, U., Takahashi, Y., Settele, J., Díaz, S., Molnár, Z., Purvis, A. (2022):
The direct drivers of recent global anthropogenic biodiversity loss
Sci. Adv. 8 (45), eabm9982 10.1126/sciadv.abm9982