Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1093/bioadv/vbac059
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) ProteinPrompt: a webserver for predicting protein–protein interactions
Autor Canzler, S.; Fischer, M.; Ulbricht, D.; Ristic, N.; Hildebrand, P.W.; Staritzbichler, R.
Journal / Serie Bioinformatics Advances
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Department BIOINF
Band/Volume 2
Heft 1
Seite von vbac059
Sprache englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Abstract Motivation
Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) play an essential role in a great variety of cellular processes and are therefore of significant interest for the design of new therapeutic compounds as well as the identification of side effects due to unexpected binding. Here, we present ProteinPrompt, a webserver that uses machine learning algorithms to calculate specific, currently unknown PPIs. Our tool is designed to quickly and reliably predict contact propensities based on an input sequence in order to scan large sequence libraries for potential binding partners, with the goal to accelerate and assure the quality of the laborious process of drug target identification.
We collected and thoroughly filtered a comprehensive database of known binders from several sources, which is available as download. ProteinPrompt provides two complementary search methods of similar accuracy for comparison and consensus building. The default method is a random forest (RF) algorithm that uses the auto-correlations of seven amino acid scales. Alternatively, a graph neural network (GNN) implementation can be selected. Additionally, a consensus prediction is available. For each query sequence, potential binding partners are identified from a protein sequence database. The proteom of several organisms are available and can be searched for binders. To evaluate the predictive power of the algorithms, we prepared a test dataset that was rigorously filtered for redundancy. No sequence pairs similar to the ones used for training were included in this dataset. With this challenging dataset, the RF method achieved an accuracy rate of 0.88 and an area under the curve of 0.95. The GNN achieved an accuracy rate of 0.86 using the same dataset. Since the underlying learning approaches are unrelated, comparing the results of RF and GNNs reduces the likelihood of errors. The consensus reached an accuracy of 0.89.
Availability and implementation
ProteinPrompt is available online at:, where training and test data used to optimize the methods are also available. The server makes it possible to scan the human proteome for potential binding partners of an input sequence within minutes. For local offline usage, we furthermore created a ProteinPrompt Docker image which allows for batch submission: In conclusion, we offer a fast, accurate, easy-to-use online service for predicting binding partners from an input sequence.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Canzler, S., Fischer, M., Ulbricht, D., Ristic, N., Hildebrand, P.W., Staritzbichler, R. (2022):
ProteinPrompt: a webserver for predicting protein–protein interactions
Bioinform. Adv. 2 (1), vbac059