Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.2147/JAA.S373177
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Invasive growth of Ailanthus altissima trees is associated with a high rate of sensitization in atopic patients
Autor Prenzel, F.; Treudler, R.; Lipek, T.; vom Hove, M.; Kage, P.; Kuhs, S.; Kaiser, T.; Bastl, M.; Bumberger, J.; Genuneit, J.; Hornick, T.; Klotz, S.; Zarnowski, J.; Boege, M.; Zebralla, V.; Simon, J.-C.; Dunker, S.
Quelle Journal of Asthma and Allergy
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Department BZF; MET; iDiv; PHYDIV
Band/Volume 15
Seite von 1217
Seite bis 1226
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords allergy; invasive species; neophyte; pollinosis; pollen count
Abstract Purpose: Ailanthus altissima is one of the world’s most invasive species with a globally problematic spread. Pollen is dispersed locally and partially airborne. We aimed at investigating if (i) A. altissima pollen can be detected in relevant quantity in the air and if (ii) sensitization to A. altissima can be detected in patients with seasonal exacerbation of atopic diseases.
Patients and Methods: We recorded distribution of A. altissima in Leipzig, Germany. In 2019 and 2020, pollen was collected with a Hirst-type pollen trap placed on the roof of the University Hospital. Specific IgE investigations were performed in children and adults with history of atopic diseases with deterioration between May and July. We analysed specific IgE for A. altissima, Alternaria sp., birch, grasses, profilins, polcalcins and crossreacting carbohydrates.
Results: We found abundant growth of A. altissima and pollen was detected from early June to mid-July with a maximum pollen concentration of 31 pollen/m3. Out of 138 patients (63 female, 69 children/adolescents), 95 (69%) had seasonal allergic rhinitis, 84 (61%) asthma, and 43 (31%) atopic dermatitis. Sensitization to A. altissima was shown in 59 (42%). There were no significant differences between age groups. In 59% of patients sensitized (35/59), there was no sensitization to possibly cross-reacting structures.
Conclusion: Sensitization to A. altissima pollen could be detected in 42% of our patients with atopic diseases, suggesting allergenic potential of this neophyte. In the context of further spread with climate change, eradication strategies and population-based sensitization studies are needed.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=26476
Prenzel, F., Treudler, R., Lipek, T., vom Hove, M., Kage, P., Kuhs, S., Kaiser, T., Bastl, M., Bumberger, J., Genuneit, J., Hornick, T., Klotz, S., Zarnowski, J., Boege, M., Zebralla, V., Simon, J.-C., Dunker, S. (2022):
Invasive growth of Ailanthus altissima trees is associated with a high rate of sensitization in atopic patients
J. Asthma Allergy 15 , 1217 - 1226