Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108481
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Compilation of different data sets of the Late Neolithic wetland site of Pestenacker and of the adjacent valley depositions
Autor Köhler, A.; Wanger O'Neill, A.; Rabiger-Völlmer, J.; Herzig, F.; Schneider, B.; Nebel, S.; Werban, U. ORCID logo ; Pohle, M.; Kreck, M.; Dietrich, P. ORCID logo ; Werther, L.; Gronenborn, D.; Berg, S.; Zielhofer, C.
Quelle Data in Brief
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Department MET
Band/Volume 43
Seite von art. 108481
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords direct push sensing; driving core drilling; electrical conductivity; Neolithic settlement; southern Germany; Pestenacker

The reconstruction and understanding of tipping points in environmental systems have become an important issue for the global geoscientific community. This study focuses on the reconstruction of the Holocene deposition history of the Loosbach valley at the Pestenacker site, a Late Neolithic wetland occupation in the northern Alpine forelands of Central Europe (South Germany). Since 2011, it has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage ‘Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps’. This study aims to reconstruct a potential passing of a Middle Holocene hydrological tipping point in the Loosbach valley and its interrelation with the Late Neolithic onset of valley occupation at that time. In this context, we make use of chronostratigraphical data sets about the Holocene fluvial dynamics of Loosbach stream from available archaeological excavation reports and spatially enlarge the local model of Holocene stream evolution with high-resolution direct push cross-sections from the proximate fen stratigraphies.

As a result, the onset of the Late Neolithic settlement phase corresponds with a local hydrological tipping point at the wetland site of Pestenacker. Increased cooling and climatic humidity led to stream incision into the valley floor that resulted in draining, a local decrease of the groundwater table and the end of fen formation. As an apparently contradictory result of this process, increased water availability and run-off correspond with increased edaphic aridity on the valley floor. The latter may have made it possible to settle the valley floor during the late Neolithic.

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Köhler, A., Wanger O'Neill, A., Rabiger-Völlmer, J., Herzig, F., Schneider, B., Nebel, S., Werban, U., Pohle, M., Kreck, M., Dietrich, P., Werther, L., Gronenborn, D., Berg, S., Zielhofer, C. (2022):
Compilation of different data sets of the Late Neolithic wetland site of Pestenacker and of the adjacent valley depositions
Data Brief 43 , art. 108481 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108481