Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1186/s12302-022-00643-x
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Close to reality? Micro-/mesocosm communities do not represent natural macroinvertebrate communities
Autor Reiber, L.; Foit, K.; Liess, M.; Karaoglan, B.; Wogram, J.; Duquesne, S.
Quelle Environmental Sciences Europe
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Department OEKOTOX
Band/Volume 34
Seite von art. 65
Sprache englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Keywords Microcosms; Mesocosms; Macroinvertebrates; Vulnerability; Sensitivity; Natural stream communities; Pesticidal substances; Minimum detectable difference; Risk assessment
Abstract Background
The European environmental risk assessment of plant protection products considers aquatic model ecosystem studies (microcosms/mesocosms, M/M) as suitable higher tier approach to assess treatment-related effects and to derive regulatory acceptable concentrations (RAC). However, it is under debate to what extent these artificial test systems reflect the risks of pesticidal substances with potential harmful effects on natural macroinvertebrate communities, and whether the field communities are adequately protected by the results of the M/M studies. We therefore compared the composition, sensitivity and vulnerability of benthic macroinvertebrates established in control (untreated) groups of 47 selected M/M studies with natural stream communities at 26 reference field sites.
Since 2013 the number of benthic macroinvertebrate taxa present in M/M studies has increased by 39% to a mean of 38 families per study. However, there is only an average of 4 families per study that comply with the recommendations provided by EFSA (EFSA J 11:3290, 2013), i.e.: (i) allowing statistical identification of treatment-related effects of at least 70% according to the minimum detectable difference (here criteria are slightly modified) and (ii) belonging to insects or crustaceans (potentially sensitive taxa for pesticidal substances). Applying the criterion of physiological sensitivity according to the SPEARpesticides concept, the number of families decreases from 4 to 2.3 per study. 
Most taxa established in recent M/M studies do not suitably represent natural freshwater communities. First, because their abundances are often not sufficient for statistical detection of treatment-related effects in order to determine an appropriate endpoint and subsequent RAC. Recommendations are given to improve the detectability of such effects and their reliability. Second, the taxa often do not represent especially sensitive or vulnerable taxa in natural communities in terms of their traits. The uncertainties linked to vulnerable taxa in M/M studies are especially high considering their representativity for field assemblages and the comparability of factors determining their recovery time. Thus considering recovery for deriving a RAC (i.e., ERO-RAC) is not recommended. In addition, this paper discusses further concerns regarding M/M studies in a broader regulatory context and recommends the development of alternative assessment tools and a shift towards a new paradigm.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Reiber, L., Foit, K., Liess, M., Karaoglan, B., Wogram, J., Duquesne, S. (2022):
Close to reality? Micro-/mesocosm communities do not represent natural macroinvertebrate communities
Environ. Sci. Eur. 34 , art. 65 10.1186/s12302-022-00643-x