Details zur Publikation
|Titel (primär)||Hydrologic turnover matters – gross gains and losses of six first‐order streams across contrasting landscapes and flow regimes|
|Autor||Jähkel, A.; Graeber, D.; Fleckenstein, J.H.; Schmidt, C.|
|Journal / Serie||Water Resources Research|
|Topic||T5 Future Landscapes|
|Keywords||gross gain and loss; hydrologic turnover; headwater streams; reach scale; losing streams; land use|
Gross gains and losses of stream water and the consequent hydrologic turnover may modify the composition of stream water and drive in-stream ecological functioning. We evaluated over 500 breakthrough curves of conservative tracer additions to analyse the channel water balance resulting in gross gains and losses, net exchange, and hydrologic turnover. During the hydrological year 2019, seven tracer experiments have been carried out in six first-order streams along 400 m study reaches. All streams are located in the Holtemme catchment (Central Germany) with three each dominated by forested and agricultural land use.
Four of the six streams were characterized by net-losing conditions. The overall median of gross exchange was five times higher than net exchange. On average, subsurface gains replaced 50% of the original stream water over less than one kilometer of stream length. We even observed cases where over 95% of the stream water turned over within 100 m. Gross exchange was relatively higher in forested than in agricultural streams. Patterns of exchange in the forested streams persisted spatially and were temporally independent of streamflow, whereas in the agricultural ones, variable spatial patterns and streamflow dependence occurred. Overall, moderate flow coincided with highest relative gross exchange. Our results support previous findings that in-stream solute concentrations could heavily depend on location and magnitude of gains and losses. Gross exchange embodies a permanent but variable control of downstream solute concentrations interacting with the signal of biogeochemical activity. We highlight the importance to include reach-scale hydrological processes in studies on nutrient spiraling.
|Jähkel, A., Graeber, D., Fleckenstein, J.H., Schmidt, C. (2022):
Hydrologic turnover matters – gross gains and losses of six first‐order streams across contrasting landscapes and flow regimes
Water Resour. Res. 58 (7), e2022WR032129