Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1007/s00204-022-03237-x
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Inhibition of neurite outgrowth and enhanced effects compared to baseline toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells
Autor Lee, J.; Escher, B.I.; Scholz, S.; Schlichting, R.
Journal / Serie Archives of Toxicology
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Band/Volume 96
Heft 4
Seite von 1039
Seite bis 1053
Sprache englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Keywords Developmental neurotoxicity; Neurite outgrowth; Specificity; Enhanced toxicity; Pesticides
Abstract Early life exposure to environmental chemicals can cause developmental neurotoxicity (DNT). The impairment of key neurodevelopmental processes such as neurite outgrowth inhibition can be used as endpoints for screening of DNT effects. We quantified neurite-specific effects using the ratio of effect concentrations for cytotoxicity and neurite outgrowth inhibition (SRcytotoxicity). Baseline cytotoxicity, the minimal toxicity of any chemical, was used to quantify enhanced cytotoxicity (toxic ratio, TR) and neuronal-specific toxicity (SRbaseline) by comparing baseline cytotoxicity with the effects on cell viability and neurite outgrowth, respectively. The effects on cell viability and neurite length were measured based on image analysis in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Baseline cytotoxicity was predicted from hydrophobicity descriptors using a previously published model for SH-SY5Y cells. Enhanced cytotoxicity and neuronal-specific toxicity were more often observed for hydrophilic chemicals, which indicates that they are more likely to act through specific modes of action (MOA) on cell viability and neurite outgrowth. Hydrophobic chemicals showed a tendency to act through baseline toxicity without showing specific or enhanced toxicity, but were highly potent considering their low effect concentrations for both cytotoxicity and neurite outgrowth inhibition. The endpoint-specific controls (narciclasine, colchicine, cycloheximide, and rotenone), two carbamates (3-hydroxycarbofuran and carbaryl), and two redox cyclers (diquat and paraquat) showed distinct neurite-specific effects (SRcytotoxicity > 4). By comparing neurite-specific effects with enhanced cytotoxicity, one can explain whether the observed effects involve specific inhibition of neurite outgrowth, other specific MOAs, or merely baseline toxicity arising from hydrophobicity.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Lee, J., Escher, B.I., Scholz, S., Schlichting, R. (2022):
Inhibition of neurite outgrowth and enhanced effects compared to baseline toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells
Arch. Toxicol. 96 (4), 1039 - 1053