Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Numerical modelling of floodplain hydraulics and suspended sediment transport and deposition at the event scale in the middle river Elbe, Germany
Autor Büttner, O.; Otte-Witte, K.; Krüger, F.; Meon, G.; Rode, M.;
Journal / Serie Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica
Erscheinungsjahr 2006
Department ASAM; SEEFO; HYMOD;
Band/Volume 34
Heft 3
Sprache englisch;
Keywords flood; velocity; steady-state discharge; sedimentation rate; sediment trap
Abstract The objective of this case study was to calibrate and verify a detailed sediment transport model in a 4-kilometre stretch of the middle Elbe floodplains in Germany. The hydraulic RMA-2 model and the SED2d-WES sediment transport model were used. The sediment transport model was verified with a flood event by detailed measurements of surface water levels, flow velocities at six profiles, suspended sediment concentration and sediment deposition (by means of 10 sediment traps). Discharge was modelled for three steady-state conditions. Surface water levels could be calculated to an accuracy of less than 5 cm compared to measurements. The differences between calculated and measured velocities were with one exception smaller than 0.2 m/s (measured range 0.1...1.0 m/s). Simulated average sediment input amount to 35 g/(m(2) d) for the given flood event. The highest calculated sedimentation rates of 700 g/(m(2) d) (dry density 90 kg/m(2)) took place in backwaters and abandoned channels. Twenty-five percent of the deposited sediment settled in the backwaters (which only account for 13 percent of the area). The most sensitive parameters of the sediment transport model were the settling velocity and critical shear stress. The modelling approach allowed a realistic spatial distributed calculation of sediment inputs into the floodplain of the Elbe River
ID 2560
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2560
Büttner, O., Otte-Witte, K., Krüger, F., Meon, G., Rode, M. (2006):
Numerical modelling of floodplain hydraulics and suspended sediment transport and deposition at the event scale in the middle river Elbe, Germany
Acta Hydrochim. Hydrobiol. 34 (3), 265 - 278