Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1111/jam.15443
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Structure and functional capacity of a benzene‐mineralizing, nitrate‐reducing microbial community
Autor Eziuzor, S.C.; Borim Corrêa, F.; Peng, S.; Schultz, J.; Kleinsteuber, S. ORCID logo ; Nunes da Rocha, U.; Adrian, L.; Vogt, C.
Quelle Journal of Applied Microbiology
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Department ISOBIO; UMB; UBT
Band/Volume 132
Heft 4
Seite von 2795
Seite bis 2811
Sprache englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords anaerobic benzene degradation; dissimilatory nitrate reduction; Peptococcaceae; putative anaerobic benzene carboxylase; anammox bacteria


How benzene is metabolized by microbes under anoxic conditions is not fully understood. Here, we studied the degradation pathways in a benzene-mineralizing, nitrate-reducing enrichment culture.

Methods and Results

Benzene mineralization was dependent on the presence of nitrate and correlated to enrichment of a Peptococcaceae phylotype only distantly related to known anaerobic benzene degraders of this family. Its relative abundance decreased after benzene mineralization had terminated, while other abundant taxa - Ignavibacteriaceae, Rhodanobacteraceae and Brocadiaceae - slightly increased. Generally, the microbial community remained diverse despite amendment of benzene as single organic carbon source, suggesting complex trophic interactions between different functional groups. A subunit of the putative anaerobic benzene carboxylase (AbcA) previously detected in Peptococcaceae was identified by metaproteomic analysis suggesting that benzene was activated by carboxylation. Detection of proteins involved in anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) indicates that benzene mineralization was accompanied by anammox, facilitated by nitrite accumulation and the presence of ammonium in the growth medium.


The results suggest that benzene was activated by carboxylation and further assimilated by a novel Peptococcaceae phylotype.

Significance and impact of the study

The results confirm the hypothesis that Peptococcaceae are important anaerobic benzene degraders.

dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Eziuzor, S.C., Borim Corrêa, F., Peng, S., Schultz, J., Kleinsteuber, S., Nunes da Rocha, U., Adrian, L., Vogt, C. (2022):
Structure and functional capacity of a benzene‐mineralizing, nitrate‐reducing microbial community
J. Appl. Microbiol. 132 (4), 2795 - 2811 10.1111/jam.15443