Details zur Publikation
|Molecular screening of microorganisms associated with discolored wood in dead European beech trees suffered from extreme drought event using next generation sequencing
|Purahong, W.; Tanunchai, B.; Wahdan, S.F.M.; Buscot, F.; Schulze, E.-D.
|T5 Future Landscapes
|climate change; Fagus sylvatica; Illumina sequencing; meta-barcoding; plant pathogenic bacteria; plant pathogenic fungi
|Drought events weaken trees and make them vulnerable to attacks by diverse plant pathogens. Here, we propose a molecular method for fast screening of microorganisms associated with European beech decline after an extreme drought period (2018) in a forest of Thuringia, Germany. We used Illumina sequencing with a recent bioinformatics approach based on DADA2 to identify archaeal, bacterial, and fungal ASVs (amplicon sequence variants) based on bacterial and archaeal 16S and fungal ITS genes. We show that symptomatic beech trees are associated with both bacterial and fungal plant pathogens. Although the plant pathogen sequences were detected in both discolored and non-discolored wood areas, they were highly enriched in the discolored wood areas. We show that almost each individual tree was associated with a different combination of pathogens. Cytospora spp. and Neonectria coccinea were among the most frequently detected fungal pathogens, whereas Erwinia spp. and Pseudomonas spp. were the dominant bacterial plant pathogens. We demonstrate that bacterial plant pathogens may be of major importance in beech decline.
|Purahong, W., Tanunchai, B., Wahdan, S.F.M., Buscot, F., Schulze, E.-D. (2021):
Molecular screening of microorganisms associated with discolored wood in dead European beech trees suffered from extreme drought event using next generation sequencing
Plants 10 (10), art. 2092