Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1007/s00248-021-01840-6
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Life in the wheat litter: Effects of future climate on microbiome and function during the early phase of decomposition
Autor Wahdan, S.F.M.; Hossen, S.; Tanunchai, B.; Sansupa, C.; Schädler, M.; Noll, M.; Dawoud, T.M.; Wu, Y.-T.; Buscot, F.; Purahong, W.
Journal / Serie Microbial Ecology
Erscheinungsjahr 2022
Department BZF; BOOEK; iDiv
Band/Volume 84
Heft 1
Seite von 90
Seite bis 105
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Wheat litter decomposition; Climate change; Litter physicochemical properties; Hydrolytic enzymes; MiSeq Illumina sequencing; Microbial community
Abstract Even though it is widely acknowledged that litter decomposition can be impacted by climate change, the functional roles of microbes involved in the decomposition and their answer to climate change are less understood. This study used a field experimental facility settled in Central Germany to analyze the effects of ambient vs. future climate that is expected in 50–80 years on mass loss and physicochemical parameters of wheat litter in agricultural cropland at the early phase of litter decomposition process. Additionally, the effects of climate change were assessed on microbial richness, community compositions, interactions, and their functions (production of extracellular enzymes), as well as litter physicochemical factors shaping their colonization. The initial physicochemical properties of wheat litter did not change between both climate conditions; however, future climate significantly accelerated litter mass loss as compared with ambient one. Using MiSeq Illumina sequencing, we found that future climate significantly increased fungal richness and altered fungal communities over time, while bacterial communities were more resistant in wheat residues. Changes on fungal richness and/or community composition corresponded to different physicochemical factors of litter under ambient (Ca2+, and pH) and future (C/N, N, P, K+, Ca2+, pH, and moisture) climate conditions. Moreover, highly correlative interactions between richness of bacteria and fungi were detected under future climate. Furthermore, the co-occurrence networks patterns among dominant microorganisms inhabiting wheat residues were strongly distinct between future and ambient climates. Activities of microbial β-glucosidase and N-acetylglucosaminidase in wheat litter were increased over time. Such increased enzymatic activities were coupled with a significant positive correlation between microbial (both bacteria and fungi) richness and community compositions with these two enzymatic activities only under future climate. Overall, we provide evidence that future climate significantly impacted the early phase of wheat litter decomposition through direct effects on fungal communities and through indirect effects on microbial interactions as well as corresponding enzyme production.
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Wahdan, S.F.M., Hossen, S., Tanunchai, B., Sansupa, C., Schädler, M., Noll, M., Dawoud, T.M., Wu, Y.-T., Buscot, F., Purahong, W. (2022):
Life in the wheat litter: Effects of future climate on microbiome and function during the early phase of decomposition
Microb. Ecol. 84 (1), 90 - 105