Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.25252/SE/2020/71758
Titel (primär) Health risk assessment consequent to wastewater irrigation in Pakistan
Autor Sabeen, M.; Mahmood, Q.; Ebadi, A.G.; Bhatti, Z.A.; Faridullah, ; Irshad, M.; Kakar, A.; Bilal, M.; Arshad, H.M.; Shahid, N.
Quelle Soil and Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2020
Department OEKOTOX
Band/Volume 39
Heft 1
Seite von 67
Seite bis 76
Sprache englisch
Keywords Food crops; wastewater; health risk index; metals; health risk assessment
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the uptake and accumulation of heavy metals including cadmium, chromium, iron, nickel, and lead in 8 food crops irrigated with industrial wastewater and correlate the levels with potential human health risks. The concentrations of these metals in the food crops irrigated with wastewater decreased in the order iron (Fe) ˃ chromium (Cr) ˃ cadmium (Cd) ˃ nickel (Ni) ˃ lead (Pb). In all cases, the metallic contents in the vegetables exceeded the safe limits recommended by FAO/WHO. The highest bioaccumulation factor was recorded for cadmium. Further, the health risk indices of cadmium and lead were greater than 1 in seven food crops. For nickel, health risk was exceeded only for Pisum sativum and Solanum tuberosum. The indices for various food crops were in decreasing order: Cd > Pb > Ni > Cr > Fe. Out of 8 food crops, only Cantiquorum antiquorum showed risk indices lower than 1 for all 5 metals. Data demonstrated that food crops irrigated with wastewater in this study area are highly metal contaminated and may constitute a serious health risk to the local human and animal populations.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Sabeen, M., Mahmood, Q., Ebadi, A.G., Bhatti, Z.A., Faridullah, , Irshad, M., Kakar, A., Bilal, M., Arshad, H.M., Shahid, N. (2020):
Health risk assessment consequent to wastewater irrigation in Pakistan
Soil Environ. 39 (1), 67 - 76 10.25252/SE/2020/71758