Details zur Publikation
|Vascular plant species diversity in Southeast Asian rice ecosystems is determined by climate and soil conditions as well as the proximity of non-paddy habitats
|Fried, O.; Westphal, C.; Schellenberg, J.; Grescho, V.; Kühn, I. ; Van Sinh, N.; Settele, J.; Bergmeier, E.
|Journal / Serie
|Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
|T5 Future Landscapes
|Agro-ecosystems; Alpha diversity; Insect-Pollinated plant species; Irrigated rice production; Philippines; Rice weeds; Species turnover; Vietnam
|Rice ecosystems vary greatly in climate, edaphic conditions, landscape heterogeneity, agricultural management and biodiversity. However, ongoing land use intensification and conversion to large-scale monoculture are threatening this diversity. We analyzed how rice-growing regions in Southeast Asia differ in diversity and composition of vascular plants in paddy rice ecosystems, and how the local and regional biodiversity of these plants is determined by variations in abiotic conditions, habitat type (paddy vs. bunds) and the proximity of non-paddy habitats. The vegetation of paddies and their bunds was surveyed in seven important rice production regions located in highlands and lowlands of Vietnam and the Philippines. Within the regions we sampled 67 pairs of study sites comprising a total of 122 paddies and 134 bunds. We identified major drivers of field-level weed diversity (alpha diversity) separately for bunds and paddies. Species turnovers (beta diversity) across sampling sites, between paddies and their bunds, and between regions were visualized using the Bray-Curtis coefficient of dissimilarity and DCA ordinations. Species richness on bunds was mainly influenced by the proximity of non-paddy habitats, mean annual temperature and soil acidity. Soil moisture was the decisive factor for the variation in paddy weed richness. In both habitat types, Shannon diversity and the number of insect-pollinated plants showed patterns similar to species richness. Regional differences in plot species richness were stronger on bunds than in paddies. Species turnover was high among habitat types and between upland and lowland regions. Future ecological engineering approaches can build on our findings to promote pollination services more efficiently in Southeast Asian rice landscapes.
|Fried, O., Westphal, C., Schellenberg, J., Grescho, V., Kühn, I., Van Sinh, N., Settele, J., Bergmeier, E. (2021):
Vascular plant species diversity in Southeast Asian rice ecosystems is determined by climate and soil conditions as well as the proximity of non-paddy habitats
Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 314 , art. 107346