|DOI / URL
|Creative Commons Lizenz
||How to make socio‐environmental modelling more useful to support policy and management?
||Will, M.; Dressler, G.; Kreuer, D.; Thulke, H.-H.; Grêt‐Regamey, A.; Müller, B.;
|Journal / Serie
||People and Nature
||fishery; land use; policy support; simulation model; water management
- Dynamic process‐based modelling is often proposed as a
powerful tool to understand complex socio‐environmental problems and to
provide sustainable solutions as it allows disentangling cause and
effect of human behaviour and environmental dynamics. However, the
impact of such models in decision‐making and to support policy‐making
has so far been very limited.
- In this paper, we want to take a critical look at the
reasons behind this situation and propose steps that need to be taken
to change it. We investigate a number of good practice examples from
fields where models have influenced policy‐making and management to
identify the main aspects that promote or impede the application of
- Specifically, we compare examples that differ in
their extent to how explicitly they represent human behaviour as part of
the model, ranging from purely environmental systems (including models
for river management, honeybee colonies and animal diseases), where
modelling techniques have long been established, to coupled
socio‐environmental systems (including models for land use, fishery
management and sustainable water use).
- We use these examples to synthesise four key factors
for successful modelling for policy and management support in
socio‐environmental systems. They cover (a) the specific requirements
caused by modelling the human dimension, (b) the importance of data
availability and accessibility, (c) essential elements of the
partnership between modellers and decision‐makers and (d) insights
related to characteristics of the decision process.
- For each of these aspects, we give recommendations
specifically to modellers, decision‐makers or both to make the use of
models for practice more effective. We argue that if all parties
involved in the modelling and decision‐making process take into account
these suggestions during their collaboration, the full potential that
socio‐environmental modelling bears can increasingly unfold.
|Will, M., Dressler, G., Kreuer, D., Thulke, H.-H., Grêt‐Regamey, A., Müller, B. (2021):
How to make socio‐environmental modelling more useful to support policy and management?