Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1029/2020WR028493
Titel (primär) Timescale and effectiveness of residual saltwater desalinization behind subsurface dams in an unconfined aquifer
Autor Zheng, T.; Zheng, X.; Chang, Q.; Zhang, H.; Walther, M.
Quelle Water Resources Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2021
Department ENVINF
Band/Volume 57
Heft 2
Seite von e2020WR028493
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords seawater intrusion; subsurface dam; residual saltwater; unconfined aquifer; numerical simulation
Abstract Countermeasures against seawater intrusion (SWI) are critical to prevent coastal groundwater deterioration. Among different measures to prevent seawater intrusion, subsurface dams have shown to be an effective approach, but it is likely to produce residual saltwater behind the dam in a landward aquifer. This study investigated the influences of subsurface dam design and aquifer properties on the dynamic characteristics of residual saltwater in a field‐scale aquifer and for the first time revealed the desalinization mechanism of residual saltwater behind the dams from the point of mixing zone. It was found that the low‐concentration mixing zone (LCMZ) (for the area between 10%‐50% of seawater salinity) was a major channel for the saltwater to flow over the dam to the ocean boundary while the residual salt was continuously dispersed to the LCMZ from the high‐concentration mixing zone (HCMZ) (for the area between 50% ‐ 90% of seawater salinity) under high concentration gradients. Moreover, we developed two formulas of the reduction rate of saltwater wedge length (RSWL*) and the removal rate of total salt mass (RTSM*) to evaluate the desalination effectiveness of high‐ and low‐concentration residual saltwater, respectively. The results showed that it took much longer time for a taller dam and a dam at a closer position to the sea boundary to desalinize the high‐concentration residual saltwater in the upstream aquifer, more than 50 years for the cases of dam height beyond 16 meters. On the contrary, only a slightly shorter time was needed to remove the low‐concentration saltwater behind the dams with the decrease of the distance from the sea boundary. Aquifer properties including the hydraulic gradient, hydraulic conductivity and dispersivity strongly altered the desalinization time of the residual saltwater. The dispersivity was found to be the most critical factor influencing the removal effectiveness of saltwater retained in the landward aquifer. Increase of dispersivity from 1 to 3 m can dramatically reduce the desalinization time from more than 30 to 4 years.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Zheng, T., Zheng, X., Chang, Q., Zhang, H., Walther, M. (2021):
Timescale and effectiveness of residual saltwater desalinization behind subsurface dams in an unconfined aquifer
Water Resour. Res. 57 (2), e2020WR028493 10.1029/2020WR028493