Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106233
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) Phytoremediation potential of twelve wild plant species for toxic elements in a contaminated soil
Autor Antoniadis, V.; Shaheen, S.M.; Stärk, H.-J.; Wennrich, R.; Levizou, E.; Merbach, I.; Rinklebe, J.
Quelle Environment International
Erscheinungsjahr 2021
Department BZF; ANA
Band/Volume 146
Seite von art. 106233
Sprache englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Clean remediation; Riparian soils; Toxic metal(loid)s; Hyperaccumulators
Abstract Green remediation of soils highly contaminated with potentially toxic elements (PTEs) can be achieved using suitable plants. Such phytoremediation procedure often takes into consideration PTE concentrations in plants only, but not produced biomass. Phytoremediation potential of certain species of wild plants for PTEs in contaminated floodplain soils has not been assessed yet. Therefore, in this work 12 native species were tested, 3 of which (Poa angustifolia, Galium mollugo, and Stellaria holostea) to our knowledge have never been used before, in a two-year pot experiment and assessed their potential as phytoremediation species. The results showed that plant PTE concentrations were dramatically elevated for Cd and Zn in Alopecurus pratensis, Arrhenatherum elatius, Bromus inermis, Artemisia vulgaris, Achillea millefolium, Galium mollugo, Stellaria holostea, and Silene vulgaris. A. vulgaris was by far the most highly PTE absorbing plant among the 12 tested in this work, especially concerning Zn, Cd, and to a lesser degree Cu and Ni. Also, among species non-studied-before, G. mollugo and S. holostea were characterized by high Zn and Cd uptake, while P. angustifolia did not. Assessing the number of harvests necessary to decrease soil PTE to half of the initial concentrations, it was found that for Cd plants would achieve site phytoremediation within 8 (A. vulgaris) to 28 (S. holostea) and 51 (G. mollugo) harvests, while for Zn, harvests ranged from 104 (A. vulgaris) to 209 (S. holostea), and 251 (A. millefolium). A clear grouping of the tested species according to their functional type was evident. Herbaceous species were collectively more efficient than grasses in PTE uptake combined by high biomass accumulation; thus, they may act as key-species in a phytoremediation-related concept. Our approach puts phytoremediation into a practical perspective as to whether the process can be achieved within a measureable amount of time. In conclusion, A. vulgaris behaved as a hyperaccumulator plant species in our heavily contaminated soil, while never-studied-before G. mollugo and S. holostea also had a hyperaccumulator behavior, especially for Cd and Zn. Although more research is necessary for conclusive results, our study is pivotal in that it would help in assessing plant species as potential phytoremediation species in heavily contaminated soils.
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Antoniadis, V., Shaheen, S.M., Stärk, H.-J., Wennrich, R., Levizou, E., Merbach, I., Rinklebe, J. (2021):
Phytoremediation potential of twelve wild plant species for toxic elements in a contaminated soil
Environ. Int. 146 , art. 106233 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106233