Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2020.116582
Volltext Autorenversion
Titel (primär) Interaction of cyanobacteria with calcium facilitates the sedimentation of microplastics in a eutrophic reservoir
Autor Leiser, R.; Jongsma, R.; Bakenhus, I.; Möckel, R.; Philipp, B.; Neu, T.R.; Wendt-Potthoff, K. ORCID logo
Quelle Water Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2021
Department SEEFO; FLOEK
Band/Volume 189
Seite von art. 116582
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
UFZ Querschnittsthemen Microplastics;
Abstract Low-density microplastics are frequently found in sediments of many lakes and reservoirs. The processes leading to sedimentation of initially buoyant polymers are poorly understood for inland waters. This study investigated the impact of biofilm formation and aggregation on the density of buoyant polyethylene microplastics. Biofilm formation on polyethylene films (4 × 4 × 0.15 mm) was studied in a eutrophic reservoir (Bautzen, Saxony, Germany). Additionally, aggregation dynamics of small PE microplastics (∼85 µm) with cyanobacteria were investigated in laboratory experiments. During summer phototrophic sessile cyanobacteria (Chamaesiphon spp. and Leptolyngbya spp.) precipitated calcite while forming biofilms on microplastics incubated in Bautzen reservoir. Subsequently the density of the biofilms led to sinking of roughly 10 % of the polyethylene particles within 29 days of incubation. In the laboratory experiments planktonic cyanobacteria (Microcystis spp.) formed large and dense cell aggregates under the influence of elevated Ca2+ concentrations. These aggregates enclosed microplastic particles and led to sinking of a small portion (∼0.4 %) of polyethylene microplastics. This study showed that both sessile and planktonic phototrophic microorganisms mediate processes influenced by calcium which facilitates densification and sinking of microplastics in freshwater reservoirs. Loss of buoyancy leads to particle sedimentation and could be a prerequisite for the permanent burial of microplastics within reservoir sediments.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Leiser, R., Jongsma, R., Bakenhus, I., Möckel, R., Philipp, B., Neu, T.R., Wendt-Potthoff, K. (2021):
Interaction of cyanobacteria with calcium facilitates the sedimentation of microplastics in a eutrophic reservoir
Water Res. 189 , art. 116582 10.1016/j.watres.2020.116582