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Titel (primär) Residing near allergenic trees can increase risk of allergies later in life: LISA Leipzig study
Autor Markevych, I.; Ludwig, R.; Baumbach, C.; Standl, M.; Heinrich, J.; Herberth, G.; de Hoogh, K.; Pritsch, K.; Weikl, F.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2020
Department IMMU;
Band/Volume 191
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) F11;
Keywords allergic rhinitis; atopy; asthma; epidemiology; children; greenness; greenspace
Abstract

Background

We investigated whether residing in places with higher greenness, more trees and more allergenic trees early in life increases the risk of allergic outcomes, and whether these associations differ depending on the concentration of air pollutants.

Methods

The analytic sample included 631 children from the German birth cohort LISA Leipzig. Asthma and allergic rhinitis, sensitization to aeroallergens and food allergens, as well as confounders, were collected prospectively up to 15 years. Greenness was assessed by Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). A tree registry was used to derive information on trees, which were classified into allergenic and non-allergenic. Annual average concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone were also used. Geographic exposures were assigned to home addresses at birth. Longitudinal associations were analysed using generalized estimating equations.

Results

Medium and high numbers (tertiles) of trees and allergenic trees in a 500 m buffer around birth addresses were associated with increased odds of allergic rhinitis up to 15 years regardless of NDVI. These exposures were also related to higher odds of sensitization to aeroallergens. Associations with asthma and sensitization to food allergens were less consistent. Effect estimates for allergic rhinitis were stronger in the high tertile of NO2 compared to the low tertile, while an opposite tendency was observed for ozone.

Conclusion

We observed that early life residence in places with many trees, and allergenic trees specifically, may increase the prevalence of allergic rhinitis later in life. This association and its modification by air pollution should be pursued in further studies.

ID 23547
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=23547
Markevych, I., Ludwig, R., Baumbach, C., Standl, M., Heinrich, J., Herberth, G., de Hoogh, K., Pritsch, K., Weikl, F. (2020):
Residing near allergenic trees can increase risk of allergies later in life: LISA Leipzig study
Environ. Res. 191 , art. 110132