Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Diverse plant mixtures sustain a greater arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi spore viability than monocultures after 12 years
Autor Dietrich, P.; Roscher, C.; Clark, A.T.; Eisenhauer, N.; Schmid, B.; Wagg, C.;
Journal / Serie Journal of Plant Ecology
Erscheinungsjahr 2020
Department iDiv; PHYDIV;
Band/Volume 13
Heft 4
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T11;
Keywords aboveground; belowground interactions; biodiversity; biomass production; mutualism; plant; AMF interaction; root colonization
Abstract
Aims
Intensive land management practices can compromise soil biodiversity, thus jeopardizing long-term soil productivity. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) play a pivotal role in promoting soil productivity through obligate symbiotic associations with plants. However, it is not clear how properties of plant communities, especially species richness and composition influence the viability of AMF populations in soils.

Methods
Here we test whether monocultures of eight plant species from different plant functional groups, or a diverse mixture of plant species, maintain more viable AMF propagules. To address this question, we extracted AMF spores from 12-year old plant monocultures and mixtures and paired single AMF spores with single plants in a factorial design crossing AMF spore origin with plant species identity.

Important Findings
AMF spores from diverse plant mixtures were more successful at colonizing multiple plant species and plant individuals than AMF spores from plant monocultures. Furthermore, we found evidence that AMF spores originating from diverse mixtures more strongly increased biomass than AMF from monocultures in the legume Trifolium repens L. AMF viability and ability to interact with many plant species were greater when AMF spores originated from 12-year old mixtures than monocultures. Our results show for the first time that diverse plant communities can sustain AMF viability in soils and demonstrate the potential of diverse plant communities to maintain viable AMF propagules that are a key component to soil health and productivity.
ID 23420
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=23420
Dietrich, P., Roscher, C., Clark, A.T., Eisenhauer, N., Schmid, B., Wagg, C. (2020):
Diverse plant mixtures sustain a greater arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi spore viability than monocultures after 12 years
J. Plant Ecol. 13 (4), 478 - 488