Details zur Publikation
|DOI / URL||Link|
|Titel (primär)||Drivers of pesticide resistance in freshwater amphipods|
|Autor||Becker, J.M.; Russo, R.; Shahid, N.; Liess, M.;|
|Journal / Serie||Science of the Total Environment|
|POF III (gesamt)||T42;|
|Keywords||Tolerance; Macroinvertebrates; Gammarus pulex; Insecticide; Esfenvalerate; Clothianidin|
Aquatic invertebrates exposed to pesticides may develop pesticide resistance. Based on a meta-analysis we revealed environmental factors driving the magnitude of resistance in the freshwater amphipod Gammarus pulex in the field.
We showed that (i) insecticide tolerance of G. pulex increased with pesticide contamination in agricultural streams generally by a factor of up to 4. Tolerance increased even at concentrations lower than what is considered safe in regulatory risk assessment (ii) The increase in insecticide tolerance was pronounced at high test concentrations; comparing the LC50 of populations therefore potentially underestimates the development of resistance. (iii) Insecticide resistance in agricultural streams diminished during the spraying season, suggesting that adverse effects of sublethal concentrations in the short term contrast long-term adaptation to insecticide exposure. (iv) We found that resistance was especially high in populations characterized not only by high pesticide exposure, but also by large distance (>3.3 km) from non-polluted stream sections and by low species diversity within the invertebrate community.
We conclude that the test concentration, the timing of measurement, distance to refuge areas and species diversity mediate the observed response of aquatic communities to pesticide pollution and need to be considered for the sustainable management of agricultural practices.
|Becker, J.M., Russo, R., Shahid, N., Liess, M. (2020):
Drivers of pesticide resistance in freshwater amphipods
Sci. Total Environ. 735 , art. 139264