Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Biofouling, metal sorption and aggregation are related to sinking of microplastics in a stratified reservoir
Autor Leiser, R.; Wu, G.-M.; Neu, T.R.; Wendt-Potthoff, K.;
Journal / Serie Water Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2020
Department SEEFO; FLOEK;
Band/Volume 176
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T32;
Keywords Microplastics; Reservoirs; Biofouling; Aggregation; Microscopy; Sinking
Abstract Microplastic particles entering aquatic systems are rapidly colonized by microbial biofilms. The presence of microbial biomass may cause sinking of particles and as a consequence prevent their transport to the oceans. We studied microbial colonization of different polymer particles exposed in the epi-, meta- and hypolimnion of a freshwater reservoir during late summer for 47 days. Parameters measured included biofilm formation, metal sorption and sinking velocities. Microbial biofilms contained bacteria, cyanobacteria and algae as well as inorganic particles such as iron oxides. Regardless of biofilm thickness and biovolumes of different biofilm constituents, single polyethylene (PE) particles stayed buoyant, whereas the sinking velocity of single polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) particles did not change significantly compared to initial values. During exposition, a mixing event occurred, by which anoxic, iron-rich water from the hypolimnion was mixed with water from upper layers. This induced aggregation and sinking of hypolimnetic PE particles together with organic matter, cyanobacteria colonies and iron minerals.
ID 22967
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22967
Leiser, R., Wu, G.-M., Neu, T.R., Wendt-Potthoff, K. (2020):
Biofouling, metal sorption and aggregation are related to sinking of microplastics in a stratified reservoir
Water Res. 176 , art. 115748