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Titel (primär) Polyethersulfone as suitable passive sampler for waterborne hydrophobic organic compounds – Laboratory calibration and field test in the Sosiani river, Kenya
Autor Chepchirchir, B.S.; Zhou, X.; Paschke, A.; Schüürmann, G.;
Journal / Serie Science of the Total Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2020
Department OEC;
Band/Volume 699
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T42;
Keywords Passive sampling; Polyethersulfone; Organochlorine pesticides; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Linear solvation energy relationships
Abstract We report the application of polyethersulfone (PES) membrane as a cost-saving and less labour-intensive single-phase passive sampler for waterborne hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) like organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The uptake kinetics of 31 HOCs from water to porous polyethersulfone (PES) membranes and their partitioning behaviour were investigated in laboratory studies. Sampling rates (Rs) of HOCs with PES were determined in a range from 1.15 to 12.9 L/d. The uptake of test chemicals and the elimination of analogous (pre-loaded) performance reference compounds (PRCs) showed anisotropy, both under laboratory and field conditions, implying that PRCs are not suitable for determining in situ sampling rates with PES. The PES-water partition coefficients (Kpw) are, on average, ten times higher than the related Kow. A Linear Solvation Energy Relationship for modelling the measured log Kpw with PES under inclusion of all available published data yields a poor fit in comparison to what is usually obtained with homogeneous polymers like polydimethylsiloxane or low-density polyethylene. At least a strong linear relationship was found between log Rs and log Kpw for the narrow log Kow range of HOCs investigated in this work which can be used for interpolation to other HOCs in this range. The PES membranes were also tested in a field trial in a tropical river against the well-established silicone rubber (SR) sheets. With laboratory-based Rs for PES generated under field-relevant temperature and water flow velocity it was possible to obtain time-weighted average concentrations in the lower ng/L range which are comparable (within a factor of two) with those derived from accumulated amounts in SR sheets (using in situ sampling rates).
ID 22221
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22221
Chepchirchir, B.S., Zhou, X., Paschke, A., Schüürmann, G. (2020):
Polyethersulfone as suitable passive sampler for waterborne hydrophobic organic compounds – Laboratory calibration and field test in the Sosiani river, Kenya
Sci. Total Environ. 699 , art. 134056