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Titel (primär) Quantitative ecotoxicological impacts of sewage treatment plant effluents on plankton productivity and assimilative capacity of rivers
Autor Karrasch, B.; Horovitz, O.; Norf, H.; Hillel, N.; Hadas, O.; Beeri-Shlevin, Y.; Laronne, J.B.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2019
Department FLOEK;
Band/Volume 26
Heft 23
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T33;
Keywords Extracellular enzyme activity; Primary production; Bacterial production; Quantitative ecotoxicology; Sewage effluents; Unbalanced bacterial growth
Abstract Sewage treatment plants are sources of inorganic and organic matter as well as contaminants for the receiving watercourses. We analyzed the ecological consequences of such effluents by following a holistic and synecological ecotoxicological approach based on quantifying extracellular enzyme activities (EEA), primary production and bacterial cell, and biomass production rates. Samples were obtained at three locations at the Rivers Holtemme and Elbe, Germany and Lower Jordan River, Israel and West Bank, as well as from their adjacent sewage treatment plants. Blending river samples with sewage treatment plant effluents mainly resulted in a stimulation of EEAs, which was diminished in blends with 0.2-μm filtered sewage treatment plant effluents. Stimulation for primary production and bacterial cell and biomass production of River Holtemme and Elbe samples was observed, and inhibition of these rates for Lower Jordan River samples probably linked to generally high turbidity. The quantified bacterial biomass versus cell production rates showed almost unbalanced (≫ 1) growth. Very high biomass to cell production ratios were found for sewage and sewage-containing samples, which provides a semi-quantitative indicator function for high quantities of microbial easy utilizable dissolved organic matter as nutrition source. The presented approach enables the simultaneous quantification of inhibitory and stimulating toxic responses as well as supplying ecosystem-based data for policy decision-making, and for direct incorporation in models to derive management and remediation strategies.
ID 21967
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=21967
Karrasch, B., Horovitz, O., Norf, H., Hillel, N., Hadas, O., Beeri-Shlevin, Y., Laronne, J.B. (2019):
Quantitative ecotoxicological impacts of sewage treatment plant effluents on plankton productivity and assimilative capacity of rivers
Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 26 (23), 24034 - 24049