Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.02.036
Volltext Autorenversion
Titel (primär) Large-scale integrated assessment of soil carbon and organic matter-related nitrogen fluxes in Saxony (Germany)
Autor Witing, F.; Gebel, M.; Kurzer, H.-J.; Friese, H.; Franko, U.
Quelle Journal of Environmental Management
Erscheinungsjahr 2019
Department CLE; BOSYS
Band/Volume 237
Seite von 272
Seite bis 280
Sprache englisch
Keywords Soil organic carbon; Organic matter-related nitrogen; Soil organic matter turnover; Regional scale; Agricultural management; CCB model
Abstract Changes in land-use, agricultural management and climate affect the turnover and storage of organic carbon in soils (SOC) as well as the nitrogen mobilization from soil organic matter (SOM), with potential side effects on nitrogen availability and leaching. When addressing the requests for increased carbon storage in soil as well as for the reduction of nitrogen losses, integrated approaches on regional scales are required that take into account the actual changes in agricultural management and climate. This study investigated the arable land (7345 km2) of Saxony (Germany) with regard to the following: (1) the trends of SOC storage and organic matter-related nitrogen fluxes, including their subregional and annual dynamics, (2) changes in the carbon input to arable soils and the turnover of organic matter, and (3) the contribution of different drivers (climate, crop production and fertilization, tillage system) to the simulated SOM changes for the period 1998–2014 on a 500 m grid. The model CANDY carbon balance (CCB) was specifically adapted for large-scale simulations of SOM turnover to link spatial data on soils and climate with regional statistics on agricultural management. This new ‘regional mode’ of CCB has been validated using data from 391 plots across different European locations. The initial SOC levels for Saxony assumed steady state conditions at the beginning of the simulation period and have been validated using data from 667 monitoring sites. The results showed an increase in the SOC stocks of the arable soils of Saxony of 785 × 103 t C (1.24‰ annually) during the simulation period. At the same time, the model simulated an average increase in organic nitrogen stored in SOM of approximately 7.5 kg N ha−1 a−1, with considerable differences between individual years and subregions. Both the increase in carbon inputs to soil (+8%) and the reduction of carbon turnover rates (−10%) had positive effects on SOC storage. While the increased use of conservation tillage was the most important driver for the overall increase in SOM storage in Saxony, climate variability and crop production and fertilization had the largest effect on its annual dynamics.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Witing, F., Gebel, M., Kurzer, H.-J., Friese, H., Franko, U. (2019):
Large-scale integrated assessment of soil carbon and organic matter-related nitrogen fluxes in Saxony (Germany)
J. Environ. Manage. 237 , 272 - 280 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.02.036