Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1111/jiec.12857
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Titel (primär) Assessment of lignocellulosic biorefineries in Germany using a hybrid LCA multi‐objective optimization model
Autor Budzinski, M.; Cavalett, O.; Nitzsche, R.; Hammer Strømman, A.
Quelle Journal of Industrial Ecology
Erscheinungsjahr 2019
Band/Volume 23
Heft 5
Seite von 1172
Seite bis 1185
Sprache englisch
Keywords biomass; hybrid LCA; industrial ecology; linear programming; multi-objective
Abstract In this study a tiered hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) multi‐objective optimization model is developed and applied to determine the optimal choice of new biorefinery technologies in Germany. Thereby, several aspects can be explicitly addressed, including a regionally differentiated accountability of sustainable feedstock availability, identification of environmental impacts along global value chains, and identification of trade‐offs between different sustainability goals. The model is applied to assess the optimal choice between two lignocellulosic biorefinery concepts. Two optimization objectives are taken into account: maximizing the investor's profit and minimizing global impacts on climate change related to a specified demand for products. In terms of environmental impacts, the model also takes into account the comparison of new biorefineries with current available technologies producing the specified final demand. The results of the case study show that the biorefinery concept including the ethylene production is more beneficial in terms of reducing climate impacts, while on the other hand the biorefinery including the ethanol production is more cost‐effective. Depending on the decision‐maker's preference on weighting the two objectives, different capacities of biorefineries and optimal locations in Germany are identified. Furthermore, regions in Germany providing the necessary biomass feedstock can be identified on a county level. Finally, we argue that the extension of LCA by multi‐objective optimization is well suited guiding the way toward well‐informed decision‐making in the field of technological choices.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Budzinski, M., Cavalett, O., Nitzsche, R., Hammer Strømman, A. (2019):
Assessment of lignocellulosic biorefineries in Germany using a hybrid LCA multi‐objective optimization model
J. Ind. Ecol. 23 (5), 1172 - 1185 10.1111/jiec.12857