Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.envsci.2018.12.034
Titel (primär) An integrated community and ecosystem-based approach to disaster risk reduction in mountain systems
Autor Klein, J.A.; Tucker, C.M.; Steger, C.E.; Nolin, A.; Reid, R.; Hopping, K.A.; Yeh, E.T.; Pradhan, M.S.; Taber, A.; Molden, D.; Ghate, R.; Choudhury, D.; Alcántara-Ayala, I.; Lavorel, S.; Müller, B. ORCID logo ; Grêt-Regamey, A.; Boone, R.B.; Bourgeron, P.; Castellanos, E.; Chen, X.; Dong, S.; Keiler, M.; Seidl, R.; Thorn, J.; Yager, K.
Quelle Environmental Science & Policy
Erscheinungsjahr 2019
Department OESA
Band/Volume 94
Seite von 143
Seite bis 152
Sprache englisch
Keywords Disasters; Governance; Mountains; Nepal; Resilience; Sustainable development
Abstract The devastating 2015 earthquakes in Nepal highlighted the need for effective disaster risk reduction (DRR) in mountains, which are inherently subject to hazards and increasingly vulnerable to extreme events. As multiple UN policy frameworks stress, DRR is crucial to mitigate the mounting environmental and socioeconomic costs of disasters globally. However, specialized DRR guidelines are needed for biodiverse, multi-hazard regions like mountains. Ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction (Eco-DRR) emphasizes ecosystem conservation, restoration, and sustainable management as key elements for DRR. We propose that integrating the emerging field of Eco-DRR with community-based DRR (CB-DRR) will help address the increasing vulnerabilities of mountain people and ecosystems. Drawing on a global mountain synthesis, we present paradoxes that create challenges for DRR in mountains and examine these paradoxes through examples from the 2015 Nepal earthquakes. We propose four principles for integrated CB- and Eco-DRR that address these challenges: (1) governance and institutional arrangements that fit local needs; (2) empowerment and capacity-building to strengthen community resilience; (3) discovery and sharing of constructive practices that combine local and scientific knowledge; and (4) approaches focused on well-being and equity. We illustrate the reinforcing relationship between integrated CB- and Eco-DRR principles with examples from other mountain systems worldwide. Coordinated community and ecosystem-based actions offer a potential path to achieve DRR, climate adaptation, sustainable development, and biodiversity conservation for vulnerable ecosystems and communities worldwide.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Klein, J.A., Tucker, C.M., Steger, C.E., Nolin, A., Reid, R., Hopping, K.A., Yeh, E.T., Pradhan, M.S., Taber, A., Molden, D., Ghate, R., Choudhury, D., Alcántara-Ayala, I., Lavorel, S., Müller, B., Grêt-Regamey, A., Boone, R.B., Bourgeron, P., Castellanos, E., Chen, X., Dong, S., Keiler, M., Seidl, R., Thorn, J., Yager, K. (2019):
An integrated community and ecosystem-based approach to disaster risk reduction in mountain systems
Environ. Sci. Policy 94 , 143 - 152 10.1016/j.envsci.2018.12.034