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Titel (primär) Biodegradation of chlorobenzene under hypoxic and mixed hypoxic-denitrifying conditions
Autor Nestler, H.; Kiesel, B.; Kaschabek, S.R.; Mau, M.; Schlömann, M.; Balcke, G.U.;
Journal / Serie Biodegradation
Erscheinungsjahr 2007
Department UMB; HDG;
Band/Volume 18
Heft 6
Sprache englisch;
Keywords Chlorobenzene; Chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase; 2-Chloro-cis,cis-muconate; Denitrification; Hypoxic; Oxygen
Abstract Pseudomonas veronii strain UFZ B549, Acidovorax facilis strain UFZ B530, and a community of indigenous groundwater bacteria, adapted to oxygen limitation, were cultivated on chlorobenzene and its metabolites 2-chloro-cis,cis-muconate and acetate/succinate under hypoxic and denitrifying conditions. Highly sensitive approaches were used to maintain defined low oxygen partial pressures in an oxygen-re-supplying headspace. With low amounts of oxygen available all cultures converted chlorobenzene, though the pure strains accumulated 3-chlorocatechol and 2-chloro-cis,cis-muconate as intermediates. Under strictly anoxic conditions no chlorobenzene transformation was observed, while 2-chloro-cis,cis-muconate, the fission product of oxidative ring cleavage, was readily degraded by the investigated chlorobenzene-degrading cultures at the expense of nitrate as terminal electron acceptor. Hence, we conclude that oxygen is an obligatory reactant for initial activation of chlorobenzene and fission of the aromatic ring, but it can be partially replaced by nitrate in respiration. The tendency to denitrify in the presence of oxygen during growth on chlorobenzene appeared to depend on the oxygen availability and the efficiency to metabolize chlorobenzene under oxygen limitation, which is largely regulated by the activity of the intradiol ring fission dioxygenase. Permanent cultivation of a groundwater consortium under reduced oxygen levels resulted in enrichment of a community almost exclusively composed of members of the ß-Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Thus, it is deduced that these strains can still maintain high activities of oxygen-requiring enzymes that allow for efficient CB transformation under hypoxic conditions.
ID 2110
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Nestler, H., Kiesel, B., Kaschabek, S.R., Mau, M., Schlömann, M., Balcke, G.U. (2007):
Biodegradation of chlorobenzene under hypoxic and mixed hypoxic-denitrifying conditions
Biodegradation 18 (6), 755 - 767