Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Volltext Shareable Link
Titel (primär) Thermodesulfobium sp. strain 3baa, an acidophilic sulfate reducing bacterium forming biofilms triggered by mineral precipitation
Autor Rüffel, V.; Maar, M.; Dammbrück, M.N.; Hauröder, B.; Neu, T.R.; Meier, J.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Microbiology
Erscheinungsjahr 2018
Department FLOEK;
Band/Volume 20
Heft 10
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T32;
Supplements https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1111%2F1462-2920.14374&file=emi14374-sup-0001-AppendixS1.docx
Abstract Sulfate reducing prokaryotes are promising candidates for the remediation of acidic metal‐rich waste waters. However, only few acidophilic species have been described to date. Chemolithoautotrophic strain 3baa was isolated from sediments of an acidic mine pit lake. Based on its 16S‐rRNA gene sequence it belongs to the genus Thermodesulfobium. It was identified as an acidophile growing in artificial pore water medium in the range of pH 2.6–6.6. Though the highest sulfate reduction rates were obtained at the lower end of this range, elongated cells and extended lag phases demonstrated acid stress. Sulfate reduction at low pH was accompanied by the formation of mineral precipitates strongly adhering to solid surfaces. A structural investigation by laser scanning microscopy, electron microscopy and X‐ray microanalysis revealed the formation of Al hydroxides and Fe sulfides which were densely populated by cells. Al hydroxides precipitated first, enabling initial cell attachment. Colonization of solid surfaces coincided with increased sulfate reducing activity indicating more favourable growth conditions within biofilms compared with free‐living cells. These findings point out the importance of cell–mineral interaction for biofilm formation and contribute to our understanding how sulfate reducing prokaryotes thrive in both natural and engineered systems at low pH.
ID 21077
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=21077
Rüffel, V., Maar, M., Dammbrück, M.N., Hauröder, B., Neu, T.R., Meier, J. (2018):
Thermodesulfobium sp. strain 3baa, an acidophilic sulfate reducing bacterium forming biofilms triggered by mineral precipitation
Environ. Microbiol. 20 (10), 3717 - 3731