Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Treatment of the textile industry effluent in a pilot-scale vertical flow constructed wetland system augmented with bacterial endophytes
Autor Hussain, Z.; Arslan, M.; Malik, M.H.; Mohsin, M.; Iqbal, S.; Afzal, M.;
Journal / Serie Science of the Total Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2018
Department UBT;
Band/Volume 645
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T41;
Keywords Endophytes; Phytoremediation; Pilot-scale; Plant-bacteria partnership; Textile industry; Wastewater; VFCWs
Abstract A pilot-scale vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCWs) system was designed, implemented and operated for one year for the treatment of dye-rich real textile effluent. Brachiaria mutica was vegetated to develop VFCWs in which five different textile effluent degrading endophytic bacteria were inoculated. These bacteria were screened based on their dye degrading and plant growth promoting capabilities. The system's performance was evaluated by monitoring physicochemical parameters, nutrients removal, heavy metals reduction, detoxification potential, and persistence of endophytic bacteria in the plant rhizo- and endosphere. Although VFCWs were able to remove a majority of the pollutants from the wastewater, bacterial augmentation further enhanced the remediation efficiency. The system promoted an increase in dissolved oxygen up to 188% and, concomitantly, a substantial decrease in the chemical oxygen demand (81%), biochemical oxygen demand (72%), total dissolved solids (32%), color (74%), nitrogen (84%), phosphorous (79%), and heavy metals [Cr(97%), Fe(89%), Ni(88%), Cd(72%)] was recorded. Wastewater treated with VFCWs augmented with bacteria was found to be non-toxic and inoculated bacteria showed persistence in the root and shoot interior of B. mutica. Conclusively, VFCWs proved to be an effective methodology for treatment of textile effluent whereas its smaller size with high efficiency is an advantage for field-scale applications.
ID 20965
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=20965
Hussain, Z., Arslan, M., Malik, M.H., Mohsin, M., Iqbal, S., Afzal, M. (2018):
Treatment of the textile industry effluent in a pilot-scale vertical flow constructed wetland system augmented with bacterial endophytes
Sci. Total Environ. 645 , 966 - 973