Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Emerging biodegradation of the previously persistent artificial sweetener acesulfame in biological wastewater treatment
Autor Kahl, S.; Kleinsteuber, S.; Nivala, J.; van Afferden, M.; Reemtsma, T.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Science & Technology
Erscheinungsjahr 2018
Department UMB; ANA; UBZ;
Band/Volume 55
Heft 5
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T41; T34;
Supplements https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.est.7b05619/suppl_file/es7b05619_si_001.pdf
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract

The persistence of acesulfame (ACE) in wastewater treatment (and subsequently the aquatic environment) has led to its use as a marker substance for wastewater input into surface water and groundwater. However, ACE degradation of >85% during summer and autumn was observed in nine German wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Annual removal performance was more stable in larger plants, enhanced by low biological oxygen demand and impeded by water temperatures below 10 °C. Literature data suggest that the potential to degrade ACE emerged in WWTPs around the year 2010. This development is ongoing, as illustrated by ACE content in the German rivers Elbe and Mulde: Between 2013 and 2016 the ACE mass load decreased by 70–80%. In enrichment cultures with ACE as sole carbon source the carbonaceous fraction of ACE was removed completely, indicating catabolic biotransformation and the inorganic compound sulfamic acid formed in quantitative amounts. Sequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA genes suggests that several species are involved in ACE degradation, with proteobacterial species affiliated to Phyllobacteriaceae, Methylophilaceae, Bradyrhizobiaceae, and Pseudomonas becoming specifically enriched. ACE appears to be the first micropollutant for which the evolution of a catabolic pathway in WWTPs has been witnessed. It can yet only be speculated whether the emergence of ACE removal in WWTPs in different regions of the world is due to independent evolution or to global spreading of genes or adapted microorganisms.

ID 19989
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19989
Kahl, S., Kleinsteuber, S., Nivala, J., van Afferden, M., Reemtsma, T. (2018):
Emerging biodegradation of the previously persistent artificial sweetener acesulfame in biological wastewater treatment
Environ. Sci. Technol. 55 (5), 2717 - 2725