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Titel (primär) Evaluating the reliability of time series analysis to estimate variable riparian travel times by numerical groundwater modelling
Autor Nixdorf, E.; Trauth, N.;
Journal / Serie Hydrological Processes
Erscheinungsjahr 2018
Department ENVINF; HDG;
Band/Volume 32
Heft 3
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T53;
Keywords bank storage; cross-correlation; electrical conductivity; numerical groundwater modelling; riparian zone; river–groundwater interaction
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU5;
Abstract The transition zones between rivers and adjacent riparian aquifers are locations of high biogeochemical activities that contribute to a removal of potentially hazardous substances in the aquatic system. The potential of the removal processes depends highly on subsurface water travel times, which can be determined by using the propagation of electrical conductivity (EC) signal from the river into the riparian aquifer. Although this method has been applied and verified in many studies, we observe possible limitations for the usage of EC fluctuation analysis. Our findings are based on EC time series analyses during storm events and artificial hydropeaks induced by watermill operations. Travel times derived by cross-correlation analysis were compared with travel times calculated based on backward particle tracking of a calibrated transient numerical groundwater flow model. The cross-correlation method produced only reasonable travel times for the artificial hydropeaks. In contrast, cross-correlation analysis of the EC data during natural storm events resulted in implausibly negative or unrealistically low travel times for the bulk of the data sets. We conclude that the reason for this behaviour is, first, the low EC contrast between river and groundwater in connection with a strong damping of the infiltrating river EC signal into the subsurface during storm events. Second, the existence of old and less-mineralized riparian water between the river and the monitoring well resulted in bank-storage-driven EC breakthrough curves with earlier arrival times and the subsequent estimation of implausible riparian travel times.
ID 19809
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19809
Nixdorf, E., Trauth, N. (2018):
Evaluating the reliability of time series analysis to estimate variable riparian travel times by numerical groundwater modelling
Hydrol. Process. 32 (3), 408 - 420