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Titel (primär) The winter pack-ice zone provides a sheltered but food-poor habitat for larval Antarctic krill
Autor Meyer, B.; Freier, U.; Grimm, V.; Groeneveld, J.; Hunt, B.P.V.; Kerwath, S.; King, R.; Klaas, C.; Pakhomov, E.; Meiners, K.M.; Melbourne-Thomas, J.; Murphy, E.J.; Thorpe, S.E.; Stammerjohn, S.; Wolf-Gladrow, D.; Auerswald, L.; Götz, A.; Halbach, L.; Jarman, S.; Kawaguchi, S.; Krumpen, T.; Nehrke, G.; Ricker, R.; Sumner, M.; Teschke, M.; Trebilco, R.; Yilmaz, N.I.;
Journal / Serie Nature Ecology & Evolution
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department OESA;
Band/Volume 1
Heft 12
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T11;
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0368-3/MediaObjects/41559_2017_368_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0368-3/MediaObjects/41559_2017_368_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0368-3/MediaObjects/41559_2017_368_MOESM3_ESM.mp4
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0368-3/MediaObjects/41559_2017_368_MOESM4_ESM.mp4
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0368-3/MediaObjects/41559_2017_368_MOESM5_ESM.mp4
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0368-3/MediaObjects/41559_2017_368_MOESM6_ESM.mp4
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41559-017-0368-3/MediaObjects/41559_2017_368_MOESM7_ESM.mp4
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU5;
Abstract A dominant Antarctic ecological paradigm suggests that winter sea ice is generally the main feeding ground for krill larvae. Observations from our winter cruise to the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean contradict this view and present the first evidence that the pack-ice zone is a food-poor habitat for larval development. In contrast, the more open marginal ice zone provides a more favourable food environment for high larval krill growth rates. We found that complex under-ice habitats are, however, vital for larval krill when water column productivity is limited by light, by providing structures that offer protection from predators and to collect organic material released from the ice. The larvae feed on this sparse ice-associated food during the day. After sunset, they migrate into the water below the ice (upper 20 m) and drift away from the ice areas where they have previously fed. Model analyses indicate that this behaviour increases both food uptake in a patchy food environment and the likelihood of overwinter transport to areas where feeding conditions are more favourable in spring.
ID 19633
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19633
Meyer, B., Freier, U., Grimm, V., Groeneveld, J., Hunt, B.P.V., Kerwath, S., King, R., Klaas, C., Pakhomov, E., Meiners, K.M., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Murphy, E.J., Thorpe, S.E., Stammerjohn, S., Wolf-Gladrow, D., Auerswald, L., Götz, A., Halbach, L., Jarman, S., Kawaguchi, S., Krumpen, T., Nehrke, G., Ricker, R., Sumner, M., Teschke, M., Trebilco, R., Yilmaz, N.I. (2017):
The winter pack-ice zone provides a sheltered but food-poor habitat for larval Antarctic krill
Nat. Ecol. Evol. 1 (12), 1853 - 1861