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Titel (primär) Performance of supported and unsupported Fe and Co catalysts for the direct synthesis of light alkenes from synthesis gas
Autor Schneider, J.; Struve, M.; Trommler, U.; Schlüter, M.; Seidel, L.; Dietrich, S.; Rönsch, S.;
Journal / Serie Fuel Processing Technology
Erscheinungsjahr 2018
Department TUCHEM;
Band/Volume 170
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T15;
Keywords Synthesis; Ethene; Propene; Fischer-Tropsch; Olefins; Syngas
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU4;
Abstract A sustainable way to produce plastics made from biomass (biomass to gas) and electricity (power to gas) could be obtained by the direct synthesis of light alkenes. Samples (≤ 1 g) of the bulk catalysts Co/Fe, Fe/Na/S and the supported catalysts Fe/Mn | MgO and Co | SiO2 are mentioned in the literature to allow the direct synthesis of light alkenes. These materials are studied in extended fixed beds with catalyst amounts between 35 and 70 g and classic syngas (H2 and CO) in this work in order to prepare a potential scale-up of this technology.The influence of activation conditions (H2 or CO as reduction agent; 350 or 420 °C at 1.5 bar) and synthesis temperature (230–500 °C) on catalyst activity and product selectivity are pointed out. Selectivities to ethene of up to 11% are found for Fe/Mn | MgO at T ≈ 440 °C and for Fe/Na/S at T ≈ 310 °C. The other materials did not produce significant amounts of ethene. CO2 and CH4 were the main products in any case, while C2H6 was the main C2 product. Applying CO as reduction agent was superior to activation with H2 at low times on stream (< 20 h). This is justified by the fast formation of carbides with CO as reduction agent since they are the most catalytically active species on Fe catalysts. The low selectivities observed for ethene are likely caused by the low GHSV value of 160 h− 1 applied in this study, which facilitates the conversion of primary alkenes in secondary reactions. Recommendations on operational conditions of Fischer-Tropsch to olefins processes are specified.
ID 19569
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19569
Schneider, J., Struve, M., Trommler, U., Schlüter, M., Seidel, L., Dietrich, S., Rönsch, S. (2018):
Performance of supported and unsupported Fe and Co catalysts for the direct synthesis of light alkenes from synthesis gas
Fuel Process. Technol. 170 , 64 - 78