Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2017.09.014
Volltext Akzeptiertes Manuskript
Titel (primär) Effect-based assessment of toxicity removal during wastewater treatment
Autor Välitalo, P.; Massei, R.; Heiskanen, I.; Behnisch, P.; Brack, W.; Tindall, A.J.; Du Pasquier, D.; Küster, E. ORCID logo ; Mikola, A.; Schulze, T. ORCID logo ; Sillanpää, M.
Quelle Water Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department BIOTOX; WANA
Band/Volume 126
Seite von 153
Seite bis 163
Sprache englisch
Keywords Wastewater; Bioassays; Toxicity removal; Removal efficiency; In vitro; In vivo
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU2;
Abstract Wastewaters contain complex mixtures of chemicals, which can cause adverse toxic effects in the receiving environment. In the present study, the toxicity removal during wastewater treatment at seven municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) was investigated using an effect-based approach. A battery of eight bioassays was applied comprising of cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, endocrine disruption and fish embryo toxicity assays. Human cell-based CALUX assays, transgenic larval models and the fish embryo toxicity test were particularly sensitive to WWTP effluents. The results indicate that most effects were significantly reduced or completely removed during wastewater treatment (76–100%), while embryo toxicity, estrogenic activity and thyroid disruption were still detectable in the effluents suggesting that some harmful substances remain after treatment. The responsiveness of the bioassays was compared and the human cell-based CALUX assays showed highest responsiveness in the samples. Additionally, the fish embryo toxicity test and the transgenic larval models for endocrine disrupting effects showed high responsiveness at low sample concentrations in nearly all of the effluent samples. The results showed a similar effect pattern among all WWTPs investigated, indicating that the wastewater composition could be rather similar at different locations. There were no considerable differences in the toxicity removal efficiencies of the treatment plants and no correlation was observed with WWTP characteristics, such as process configuration or sludge age. This study demonstrated that a biotest battery comprising of multiple endpoints can serve as a powerful tool when assessing water quality or water treatment efficiency in a holistic manner. Rather than analyzing the concentrations of a few selected chemicals, bioassays can be used to complement traditional methods of monitoring in the future by assessing sum-parameter based effects, such as mixture effects, and tackling chemicals that are present at concentrations below chemical analytical detection limits.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Välitalo, P., Massei, R., Heiskanen, I., Behnisch, P., Brack, W., Tindall, A.J., Du Pasquier, D., Küster, E., Mikola, A., Schulze, T., Sillanpää, M. (2017):
Effect-based assessment of toxicity removal during wastewater treatment
Water Res. 126 , 153 - 163 10.1016/j.watres.2017.09.014