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Titel (primär) Loss of the ssrA genome island led to partial debromination in the PBDE respiring Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain GY50
Autor Ding, C.; Rogers, M.J.; Yang, K.-L.; He, J.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Microbiology
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department ISOBIO;
Band/Volume 19
Heft 7
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T41;
Supplements https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1111%2F1462-2920.13817&attachmentId=172397404
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), chemicals commonly used as flame-retardants in consumer products, are emerging persistent organic pollutants that are ubiquitous in the environment. In this study, we report a PBDE-respiring isolate – Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain GY50, which debrominates the most toxic tetra- and penta-BDE congeners (∼1.4 µM) to diphenyl ether within 12 days with hydrogen as the electron donor. The complete genome sequence revealed 26 reductive dehalogenase homologous genes (rdhAs), among which three genes (pbrA1, pbrA2 and pbrA3) were highly expressed during PBDE debromination. After 10 transfers of GY50 with trichloroethene or 2,4,6-trichlorophenol as the electron acceptor instead of PBDEs, the ssrA-specific genome island (ssrA-GI) containing pbrA1 and pbrA2 was deleted from the genome of strain GY50, leading to two variants (strain GY52 with trichloroethene, strain GY55 with 2,4,6-trichlorophenol) with identically impaired debromination capabilities (debromination of penta-/tetra-BDEs ceased at di-BDE 15). Through analysis of Illumina paired-end sequencing data, we identified read pairs that probably came from variants that contain ssrA-GI deletions, indicating their possible presence in the original strain GY50 culture. The two variant strains provide real-time examples on rapid evolution of organohalide-respiring organisms. As PBDE-respiring organisms, GY50-like strains may serve as key players in detoxifying PBDEs in contaminated environments.

ID 19043
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=19043
Ding, C., Rogers, M.J., Yang, K.-L., He, J. (2017):
Loss of the ssrA genome island led to partial debromination in the PBDE respiring Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain GY50
Environ. Microbiol. 19 (7), 2906 - 2915