Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) A pilot-scale field experiment for the microbial neutralization of a holomictic acidic pit lake
Autor Geller, W.; Koschorreck, M.; Wendt-Potthoff, K.; Bozau, E.; Herzsprung, P.; Büttner, O.; Schultze, M.;
Journal / Serie Journal of Geochemical Exploration
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
Department ASAM; SEEFO;
Band/Volume 100
Heft 2-3
Sprache englisch;
Keywords Acid mine drainage; Acid pit lake; Acid mining lake; Sulfate reduction; Biological remediation; Passive treatment
Abstract A strategy to neutralize acidic pit lakes was tested in an upscaling process using field mesocosms of 26 to ca. 4500 m3 volume in the acidic pit Mining Lake 111 in Germany. After addition of the substrates Carbokalk and straw a neutral sediment layer formed, in which microbial sulfate and iron reduction as well as sulfide precipitation occurred. The net rate of neutralization was limited by the precipitation of iron sulfides rather than by microbial reactions. Oxidation of H2S by ferric iron in the anoxic sediment lowered the net sulfate reduction rate. Seasonal fluctuations of iron sulfides in the sediment showed that the reaction products were not necessarily stable. The long-term success of the approach depends on the net partition of the precipitated iron-(mono-/di-) sulfide that is permanently buried in the anoxic sediment. It could be shown by field experiments that the long-term success of the neutralization depends on the spatial scale and duration of the experiments. Volumes from 26 to 4500 m3, exposition times from 4 months to 5 years, and increasingly thick coverings of the sediments with straw, from zero to 40 cm, were used. Net neutralization rates decreased from 41 meq m- 2 d- 1 in laboratory microcosms to a mean rate of 2.3 meq m- 2 d- 1 in the 4500 m3 field experiment. The results show that the success of the microbial treatment of acid pit lakes lastly depends on the limnological conditions in the lake that cannot be simulated by upscaling of simple laboratory experiments.
ID 190
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=190
Geller, W., Koschorreck, M., Wendt-Potthoff, K., Bozau, E., Herzsprung, P., Büttner, O., Schultze, M. (2009):
A pilot-scale field experiment for the microbial neutralization of a holomictic acidic pit lake
J. Geochem. Explor. 100 (2-3), 153 - 159